Organic Chemistry Essay

No Works Cited
Length: 1119 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Chemistry has been called the science of what things are. Its intent is the exploration of the nature of the materials that fabricate our physical environment, why they hold the different properties that depict them, how their atomic structure may be fathomed, and how they may be manipulated and changed.
Although organic reactions have been conducted by man since the discovery of fire, the science of Organic chemistry did not develop until the turn of the eighteenth century, mainly in France at first, then in Germany, later on in England. By far the largest variety of materials that bombard us are made up of organic elements. The beginning of the Ninetieth century was also the dawn of chemistry, all organic substances were understood as all being materials produced by living organisms: wood, bone, cloth, food, medicines, and the complex substances that configure the human body. Inorganic material was believed to come from the Earth: salt, metals, and rock, just to name a few.
     Because of the human’s wonder of natural life, organic materials were believed to possess an enigmatic “Vital Force.” Thus organic chemistry was separated from inorganic chemistry, and it became it’s own field of science. By the turn of the Nineteenth the “Vital Force” theory was immensely discredited, but this branch of science still stayed separated from inorganic chemistry. Back when Organic chemistry was the chemistry of living matter, Professor Wohler succeeded in synthesizing in the laboratory an organic compound previously observed in living tissue as Urea. Professor Wohler made this organic compound from non-living chemical substance, Ammonium Cyanate. He evaporated a solution of Ammonium Cyanate to produce Urea. Thus rendering the “Vital Force” theory to be with flaws. Other famous experiments proved the vitalism theory was wrong. In 1845 Kolbe synthesized acetic acid, the chief component in vinegar, in a flow of reactions starting with Carbon, the experiment is demonstrated better defined since acetic acid (C6H4O2) is a carbon-carbon bond. The theory of vitalism, like many other scientific theories, disappeared slowly under the weight of accumulated evidence rather than as a consequence of any one brilliant and enlightening experiment.
Structural theory, which developed in the 1860’s, started the second major period of growth in the organic chemistry field. The de...

... middle of paper ...

...reactions were already known and in active use to synthesize organic compounds into other compounds, only with this understanding of the nature of a chemical bond did a clear reason of the nature an mechanism of chemical reactions begin to appear. This will be clear when one realizes that the transformation of one molecule to another, a chemical reaction, requires the breaking of some bonds and the making of others. This process could not be understood until one knew what a bond is. Thus if the nineteenth century was devoted to unraveling the fixed structures of molecules, the twentieth century will be devoted to the study of their transformations.
The study of science and more specifically the study of organic chemistry is an on going affair. In the scientific community one never rests, there is a continual stream of experimentation and the desire to explore new realms. The cutting edge in science is grounded in the medical field. How can we manipulate genetic codes the building blocks of life? The things we have learned over the years are allowing us to build those bridges to the future, a future that might see an improvement in the human condition by way of organic chemistry.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Essay on What's Organic Chemistry - ... Photo-initiators include compounds that break down into free radicals when exposed to ultra violet radiation. There are two ways for the compounds (benzoin) to break down during photo polymerization. The first way is for the chemical compounds to undergo an uni-molecular bond cleavage while experiencing irradiation to yield free radicals. The second method for the benzoin to break down is to experience a bi-molecular reaction. In that reaction, the excited state of the photo-initiator (benzoin) interacts with a second molecule to generate the free radials....   [tags: carbon compounds, benzoin]
:: 7 Works Cited
980 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Statment of Purpose for a Masters in Organic Chemistry Essay - ... I hope to find opportunities that will enhance my abilities and help to tap my full potential. I am aspiring after discover my own mind at University of Regina and applying to the pursuit in contemporary research challenges throughout my career. Furthermore, one of the noticeable challenges of humanity to satisfy our ever-growing demand for secure, clean energy. As the earth’s population is projected to reach nearly 10 billion by 2050, global energy consumption is expected to increase commensurately, with at minimum two-fold increase by 2050.To support this demand, petroleum has become one of the most important and most used fossil fuels....   [tags: graduate, environment, research] 1259 words
(3.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Importance of the Carbon Element Essay - Carbon Carbon is one of the basic elements of matter (Bush 1230-1231). The name carbon comes from the Latin word "carbo" meaning charcoal.Carbon is the sixth most abundant element (Gangson). More than 1,000,000 compounds are made from carbon(Carbon (C)). "The Element Carbon is defined as a naturally abundant non-metallic element that occurs in many inorganic and in all organic compounds, exists freely as graphite and diamond and as a constituent of coal, limestone, and petroleum, and is capable of chemical self-bonding to form an enormous number of chemically, biologically, and commercially important molecules." Carbon is used in diamonds, petroleum oil, radiocarbon dating, smoke detec...   [tags: organic chemistry, carbon dating]
:: 1 Works Cited
731 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Chemistry: New Era for Organic Semiconducting Polymers - Semiconducting Polymers, Polythiophenes Introduction The discovery of poly(acetylene); a conjugated polymer in 1977 paved the pathway for a new era for organic semiconducting polymers.1, 2 Easy processability, low cost, mechanical flexibility, light weight, higher absorption coefficients of these conjugated organic semiconducting polymers made them promising candidates for the applications such as organic field effect transistors (OFETs), bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells and organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs).1, 3 Over the past decades extensive research has been carried out to investigate new conjugated materials to achieve higher efficiencies in BHJ solar cells and higher charge...   [tags: Semiconducting Polymers, Polythiophenes] 2600 words
(7.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Distillation Essay - Distillation I. Introduction      The process of distillation has been used by humans for years to create alcoholic beverages. Distillation is the process of boiling a pair of liquids with different boiling points and then condensing the vapors above the boiling liquid in an attempt to separate them. One might suspect that the mixed two liquids of different boiling points could be separated simply by raising the temperature to the lower boiling point of the two liquids. However, this is not the case....   [tags: Organic Chemistry Distillation Water Essays] 1142 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
alladium Catalyzed Suzuki Cross-Coupling Reactions and Their Uses in Organic Synthesis - Palladium Catalyzed Suzuki Cross-Coupling Reactions and Their Uses in Organic Synthesis Palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reactions are a useful way to create a new carbon-carbon bond in near quantitative yields and relatively moderate conditions.1,2 This makes them very useful tools in both organic and inorganic synthesis as well as materials research. The reaction itself was first discovered and researched almost simultaneously in the 1970’s by Dr. Akira Suzuki of Hokkaido University, Japan, Dr....   [tags: Sinthesis, Chemistry]
:: 6 Works Cited
1507 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Surface Chemistry of Silica Essay - In order to gain strong insight into the surface chemistry of silica we have perform a thorough literature search. Our goal is to identify the pioneer research performed on silica and silica supported catalyst. Particular interest lies in silica-water-cobalt and silica-alcohol-cobalt systems. This study is both on macro and micro level so that a complete theoretical base can be established. From this theoretical knowledge, key areas to look upon will be identified and a design of experiments will be established....   [tags: Chemistry] 1273 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Story of Organic Matter Decay in Soils Essay - The Story of Organic Matter Decay in Soils To most people, humus is a garlic-y chickpea spread for sandwiches or pita bread. However, to soil scientists, its something entirely different. Soil humus is a mixture of dark, colloidal organic compounds relatively resistant to decomposition. These compounds result from the decay of organic litter and accumulate in the O and A horizons of soils. Soil humus helps glue mineral particals into aggregates, giving structure to the soil and affecting soil stability....   [tags: Chemistry Chemical Papers] 1211 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Lab Report The Preparation of Organic Compounds Essay - Lab Report The Preparation of Organic Compounds Aspirins and Oil of Wintergreen Introduction The purpose of this experiment is to prepare two organic compounds (aspirin and oil of wintergreen) and to illustrate the typical organic reactions. Students will also learn some techniques commonly used in organic synthesis and the meaning of the terms theoretical yield, actual yield, and percent yield. Both Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate) are commonly used organic compounds....   [tags: Science Experiment, Chemistry] 327 words
(0.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Organic Chemistiry: The Availabiltiy of Electron Density Essay examples - The reactivity of a bond or an atom towards a particular reagent in a compound is significantly affected by the availability of electrons. The influence availability of electron density is affected by following factors: inductive effect, mesomeric effect, electromeric effect and hyperconjugation. Inductive Effect In chemical makeup and science, the 'Inductive Effect' is an experimentally observable impact of the transmitting of charge through a chain of atoms in a molecule. It can also define as the process of electron displacement along the chain of carbon atoms....   [tags: inductive, mecomeric, electronmeric, effect] 1245 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]