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greek and roman art history Essay

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Greek Empire (600 B.C 1 A.D)


Doric Order- entasis- swelling of the columns
-always used for largest temples
-alternating triglyphs and metopes
Ionic Order – scrolls
-shafts are thinner
- no triglyphs in frieze
Corinthian Order –large temples
-no triglyphs, just metopes.




Archaic Period – 600-500 B.C

-     stiff and rigid pose
-     focused on anatomy
-     archaic smile
-     Kouros, Kore – male and female archaic sculptures.

Classical Period

-     depict distinct motion (Apollo belvedere) 350 B.C roman copy
-     idealism, focusing on strength of Greece as a whole.

Venus D’ Milo – Roman Goddess of love 100 B.C
Located in the Louvre

Athena Nike (Victory) 100 B.C
Depicted w/ wings
Not marble
Standing in front of ship going into battle
Also at the Louvre



Hellenistic Period

-     Figure 3.5 Dying Gaul Roman copy 220 B.C
-     Greeks respected the enemy, showed them dying in dignity.
-     Figure 3.17 Vatican, Laocoon (priest of Troy). Early first century, marble.
-     Priest of Troy being punished by the Gods for warning against accepting horse from the Greeks. Sea serpents attacked him and his sons. Beautiful anatomy.

Bronze

Bronzes are made by making two molds (one larger than the other), pouring melted bronze in...


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