Preview
Preview

grachi tiberius gaius rome Essay examples

:: 1 Works Cited
Length: 1882 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

THE GRACCHI

Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was bon in 163 B.C. and came from a distinguished family. His grandfather conquered Hannibal, his father brought the Celtiberian war successfully to a close, reduced Sardinia, and was elected consul for two terms and sensor for one. His mother Cornelia was a woman of wide-culture who employed Greek tutors to educate her sons, Tiberius and Gaius. Two tutors who influenced Tiberius at a young age were Diophanes, a teacher of oration and Blossius of Cumae, a philosopher.

After taking part in the campaign of 146 BC, which ended with the destruction of Carthage, Tiberius was elected quaestor in 137. Travelling through Etruria, Tiberius saw large estates worked by slaves and noticed the absence of free peasants. It is said that Tiberius realized the need for reform while visiting this province on his way to Spain. There, Tiberius served in a war against Numantia under the consul Mancinus. After suffering numerous defeats in battle, Mancinus attempted to abandon camp. However the Numantines, realizing what was happening seized the camp before they could escape. Tiberius saved the Roman army from slaughter by securing a treaty with the Spaniards. When they returned to Rome, Tiberius was seen as a saviour and blame was placed on the incompetent generals who were handed back to the Spaniards for execution. Tiberius himself escaped judgement by the skin of his teeth. According to Plutarch, ‘It would seem…that Scipio, who was then the greatest and most influential man at Rome helped to save them’ (1988, 159)

There are a number of dominant motives for Gracchus’ want for reform. His knowledge of Greek political thought and practices allowed him to understand the needs and potential of the state, the Spanish campaign, slave revolts in Sicily, the increase in Rome’s unemployment rate and the impact the changing economy had on the republic. It doubtful that only one of these fuelled Gracchus’ desires for change, it is more likely a combination of many or all. When Tiberius began to speak out in politics he did not do so alone. He was backed by his father-in-law Appius Claudius Pulcher, who was Princeps Senatus and two others, Pontifex Mucius Scaevola and Pontifex licinius Crassus Mucianus.

IN 133 Tiberius Gracchus was elected tribune. He proposed a ‘lex agraria’ which would make land owned by the state available for distribution ...


... middle of paper ...


...ople. During Gaius’ visit to Junonia to oversee the construction effort, rumours were spread in Rome by his opponents of the delay and failure of his new colony. Through these rumours, Gaius lost favour with the people. This can be seen due to his failure to get re-elected for a third tribunate in 121.

As tribune Minucius Rufus proposed to repeal one of Gaius’ bills, he gathered support. In a minor disturbance, a servant of consul Opimius was killed. The senate was forced to pass a resolution that consuls should see to it that the Republic came to no harm. Opimius summoned to arms senators and equites against Gaius and Flaccus who had occupied the Aventine hill. After failed negotiations they and their supporters were defeated and killed. It is said that the weight of their heads in gold was to be awarded to the man who brought Opimius the heads of Gaius and Flaccus. Once again political differences in Rome resulted in bloodshed and brought an end to the remaining Gracchi.


























BIBLIOGRAPHY

H.H. Scullard, From the Gracchi to Nero 2003 Routledge, London

Plutarch, Roman Lives 1988 Penguin

E.S. Shuckburgh, History of Rome 1896 Macmillan & Co. Ltd, London



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about The Courage of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchi - The Gracchi brothers Tiberius and Gaius were tragic figures in Roman History. They were genuine reformers who made the fatal flaw of going against the smothering Roman Senate. Both were able to climb to the tribune position however, both fell shortly after to the tyrants above. One might ask, were they cursed due to the fate that bestowed them both. Or were they blessed with the gift of courage to try and make a difference. According to Dictonary.com, courage is: “the quality of mind or spirit that enables a person to face difficulty, danger, pain, etc., without fear.” The Gracchi brothers exemplify courage with their revolutionary Roman reform attempts during the time of the republic....   [tags: Roman History] 1089 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchi: Initiators of the Roman Revolution Essay - Although the Gracchi were motivated by a genuine concern for the welfare of Rome, ultimately their actions (and the events surrounding these) contributed to the decline of the Replublic. -Assess the validity of this statement. Around the time of which Tiberius and Gaius Gracchi gained power through being voted by the popular assembly, Rome was already in crisis, one of the reasons owing to the shrinking army force. Thus although the Gracchi were motivated by a genuine concern for the welfare of Rome, ultimately their actions (and the events surrounding these) contributed to the decline of the Republic, but did not play a significant part....   [tags: Romam History] 1056 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Reformer Tiberius Gracchus and His Word on Land Reform and in the RomanSenate - Tiberius Gracchus was a reformer in attempting to change and improve the situation of Rome through the use of land reform. Yet he can also be observed as a revolutionary through his rapid changes and reforms that challenged the Senate. Tiberius Gracchus was born in 168 B.C along with his brother Gaius Gracchus into a family whose members had reached the highest positions in Rome. Tiberius’ father, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was an aristocrat and renowned for his honors and was one of the most powerful men in Rome....   [tags: Tiberius Gracchus, Rome, land reform, ] 818 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gaius Octavius Essay - Gaius Octavius, or later known as Octavian, was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. He took over after Julius died and the republic fell. He belonged to a successful family. His father was the first of his family to become a senator, his mother was the niece of Julius Caesar. They lived in Velitrae. This shows how little of a political background he came from. He traveled with his uncle/ adopted father and learned the ropes of government. He was 18 when he came to Rome to claim his dictatorship. Mark Antony was chief lieutenant at the time (Grant)....   [tags: Octavian, Rome, Augustus, Mark Antony]
:: 5 Works Cited
1380 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Augustan Art and Propaganda - Augustan Art and Propaganda Julius Caesar's reign was an unfavorable and chaotic period for Rome, and after his death, a large portion of the empire was handed down to his adopted son, Gaius Octavian. From the ashes of his father, Octavian was able to build an Empire unparalleled. Later, the name Augustus was given to him by Senate. Augustus ostensibly maintained the form of the Roman Republic while in actuality creating the Roman Empire. He introduced the administrative reforms that led to the Pax Romana with its flourishing of trade and the arts....   [tags: julius caesar, rome, gaius octavian]
:: 3 Works Cited
1965 words
(5.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Republic Ancient Rome Essay - The transition between a monarchy and republic for the ancient city of Rome was a long process filled with endless power struggles (Spielvogel 88). As Rome grew, more people wanted a piece of this newly great world power. Military was a huge part in ancient Rome because it provided all of Rome’s wealth needed for sustention. Accordingly, great military leaders were popular with the Roman people because they brought in the money. A lot of people gained power this way, but some were just born into a powerful family....   [tags: Monarchy, Republic, Transition, Rome]
:: 3 Works Cited
1064 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Fall of Rome Essay - The Roman Empire was the most powerful Empire during Antiquity. It is traditionally considered to have “fallen” in 476, when Rome’s last emperor was deposed. Many theories have been presented as to why it fell, from unsound economic and social policies to mass lead poisoning. The actual cause of Rome’s fall is the result of many factors, but was mainly caused by Rome’s poor economic policies. A question that must first be addressed is whether or not Rome actually fell. There are two main theories which have lead to this conclusion....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman history]
:: 11 Works Cited
1119 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus Essay - Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was the son of a Roman aristocrat whose family had regularly held the highest offices of state for the past century. Tiberius achieved much in his life and was a man of high distinction in political circles. He was a man with a prominent background- coming from very powerful families. It seemed also, that many had high expectations of him, and his potential was not seen to its full extent. To a few of us here today, this is a solemn and most momentous occasion. Today I will be critically analysing and assessing the significance of three key areas which have been the crux of historical debate for centuries....   [tags: Ancient History] 1717 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar - Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar was born in Rome on November 16, 42 BC. Four years after his birth his mother divorced his father and married Octavian. Tiberius was a descendant of the Claudian family who moved to Rome shortly after the foundation of the city. The Claudians did not respect others who were not of noble ancestry. After Tiberius was four he was raised to be a loyal servant of Augustus. Tiberius is associated with Augustus for 22 years. Augustus had Tiberius carefully educated....   [tags: essays research papers] 990 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Tiberius - Tiberius was born Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar in Rome on November 16, 42BC. Four years later his mother divorced his father and married the triumvir Octavian, later Emperor Augustus, who had Tiberius carefully educated. In 20BC Tiberius commanded an expedition to Armenia, and he subsequently helped subdue the Rhaetians and fought against the Pannonians (12-9BC). In 11BC Tiberius, at his stepfather's command, dissolved his happy marriage to Vipsania Agrippina (died AD20), daughter of the Roman general Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, and married Augustus's daughter Julia, who was Agrippa's widow....   [tags: essays research papers] 531 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]