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David Levinson's Seasons of A Man's Life

:: 12 Works Cited :: 6 Sources Cited
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David Levinson's Seasons of A Man's Life



In May of 1977, Daniel Levinson constructed a model of the seasons of
a man's life. His developmental theory consists of universal stages or phases
that extends from the infancy state to the elderly state. Most development
theories, such as Freud's psychosexual development theory or Piaget's cognitive
development theory, end in the adolescent stage of life. Levinson's stage
theory is important because it goes beyond most theories assuming that
development continues throughout adult life.

Levinson based his model on biographical interviews of 40 American men.
These 40 men were between 35 to 45 years in age and they worked as either
biology professors, novelists, business executives or industrial laborers. The
biographical interviews lasted one or two hours and ranged from six to ten
interviews for each subject. The questions asked focused on the subject's life
accounts in their post adolescent years. The interviews focused on topics such
as the men's background (education, religion, political beliefs) and major
events or turning points in their lives.

Levinson's concept of life structure (the men's socio-cultural world,
their participation in their world and various aspects of themselves) is the
major component in Levinson's theory. The life structure for each person
evolves through the developmental stages as people's age.

Two key concepts in Levinson's model are the stable peri...

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... Divorce and Ego Development in Adult Women"
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2, vol. 60 1991, 300-306

Helson, Ravenna and Brent Roberts. "The Personality of Young Adult Couples and
Wives' Work Patterns" Journal of Personality 3, vol. 60 Sept. 1992, 575-595

Levinson, Daniel J. "The Mid-LIfe Transition: A Period in Adult Psychosocial
Development." Psychiatry, vol. 40 May 1977, 99-112

Ornstein, Suzyn and Lynn Isabella. "Age vs. Stage Models of Career Attitudes of
Women: A Partial Replication and Extension." Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol.
36 1990, 1-19

Wink, Paul and Ravenna Helson. "Personality Change in Women and Their Partners"
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 3, vol. 60 Sept. 1992, 597-604

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