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Classical Management Theory

:: 4 Sources Cited
Length: 1964 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)
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Classical Management Theory


Early Management Theories
Early Theories of Organizations emerged mainly for military and Catholic Church. The metaphor of the machine was dominant, where organizations are viewed as machines. Therefore, the organizational application was, since workers behave predictably (as machines do rarely deviate from the norm), management knows what to expect, and workers operating outside expectations are replaced.

Classical Management Theories
There are three well-established theories of classical management: Taylor?s Theory of Scientific Management, Fayol?s Administrative Theory, Weber?s Theory of Bureaucracy. Although these schools, or theories, developed historical sequence, later ideas have not replaced earlier ones. Instead, each new school has tended to complement or coexist with previous ones.

Taylor?s Theory of Scientific Management, U.S.A

Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) ?The Father of Scientific Management?.
Scientific Management theory arose from the need to increase productivity in the U.S.A. especially, where skilled labor was in short supply at the beginning of the twentieth century. The only way to expand productivity was to raise the efficiency of workers.

Taylor devised four principles for scientific management theory, which were:
1. The development of a true science of management,
2. The scientific selection and training of workers,
3. Proper remuneration for fast and high-quality work
4. Equal division of ...


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References:

- Organisation and Management of Health Care, April 2002, Version 2.0 , Main Contributor: Katie Enock, Public Health Specialist, Harrow Primary Care Trust www.healthknowledge.org.uk
- Henri Rayol Industrial and General Administration, J.A.Caubrough, trans.(Geneva International Management Institute, 1930)
- http://www.northstar.k12.ak.us/schools/ryn/projects/inventors/taylor/taylor.html
- http://www.survey-software-solutions.com/walonick/organizational-theory.htm
- http://www.glass-time.com/gainsharing/Motivation.html
- http://www.mtsu.edu/~pmccarth/io_hist.htm
- http://home.eclions.net/mbobic/Version17.htm
- http://www.lib.uwo.ca/business/fayol.html
- http://www2.pfeiffer.edu/~lridener/DSS/Weber/WEBRPER.HTML

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