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The Aspects of Criminal Justice

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Length: 1525 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)
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The Aspects of Criminal Justice

There are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biological studies, which are five methodologies of crime that were mainly focused on biological theories, Psychological theories, which contains four separate theories, and the Sociological theories, which also includes four different methods of explaining why crime exists. The last theory is about Critical criminology. Their goal was to transform society in a way that would liberate and empower subordinate groups of individuals.

The Classical School of criminology was founded by "European legal authorities that thought crime was caused by supernatural forces" (DeKeseredy & Schwartz, 1996, p.155) preceding the 1700's. The catch phrase "The devil made him do it" was very popular because of the thought that people who committed crimes were sinners or people who didn't follow God. Those who didn't follow God were known as heretics and this following led to the connection of church and state where torture or execution could happen to anyone that the government thought to be evil or a part of witchcra...


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...ct that you might think. Many of the theories of Critical Criminology reject the solutions to short-term solutions that make tougher laws and the increasing use of prisons.

These are the theories of Criminology that affect our world today. They play a major role in criminal justice policy and should be considered major parts of the system. Such perspectives give way to each other and may even clash with one another, but are very important to today's society because they help people understand the roles that criminals play in the society that they live in. They also give reasons for why some criminals do what they do.

Works Cited

Dekeseredy, Walter, and Martin Schwartz. Contemporary Criminology. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing, 1996.

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