Preview
Preview

Anorexia and Bulimia Essay

:: 2 Works Cited
Length: 1108 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Orange      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Anorexia and Bulimia: A Concise Overview

     As many as 20% of females in their teenage and young adult years suffer from anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa (Alexander-Mott, 4). Males are also afflicted by these eating disorders, but at a much lower rate, with a female to male ratio of six to one. Those with anorexia nervosa refuse to maintain a normal body weight by not eating and have an intense fear of gaining weight. People with bulimia nervosa go through periods of binge eating and then purging (vomiting), or sometimes not purging but instead refraining from eating at all for days. Both of these disorders wreak havoc on a person's body and mental state, forcing them to become emaciated and often depressed.

     There is no known exact cause of either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, but many factors play a role in the initial onset, such as: personality traits, low self-esteem, and social and cultural influences (Costin, 21). Many anorexics have specific personality traits that urge them to refrain from eating. Many are perfectionists that will diet and exercise and not eat until their bodies are perfect. Unfortunately, however, he or she never thinks their body is perfect, and continues their destructive cycle. Anorexics that are perfectionists also tend to want to be in control at all times. Often , they feel as though others are trying to force them to do

Breaux 2

things, and so, take complete control of their bodies. Marcia, an anorexic, wrote in her diary "I am in control; people are just jealous because I have will power" (D., 6).

     Another factor is low self-esteem. One anorexic said of her low self-esteem, "My goal in life was to please; like a chameleon, I'd change to suit whomever I was with. I always felt I was in the way…" (D., 1). Anorexics with low self-esteem often feel they are worthless and do not deserve to eat. Not only do they not eat, but they constantly berate themselves with insults. They hate their bodies, and cannot realize their true appearance, instead seeing a distorted image. When she weighed a mere 98 pounds, Marcia told herself, "You are a pig. You are disgusting. You must suffer" (D., 5). Bulimics also suffer from low self-esteem and feel ashamed of their behavior. Feeling guilty after eating is a co...


... middle of paper ...


...orted self-image, low self-esteem, and a need for control. "Eating disorders are not about food or weight but about a disordered 'sense of self' looking for approval and finding it, however



Breaux 5

temporarily, in the pursuit of thinness or the comfort of food" (Costin, 48). Treatment is an option for anorexics and bulimics, though it can take years, and sometimes it never succeeds. Hopefully, though, friends and loved ones of anorexics and bulimics will see the warning signs and seek help for them.



































Bibliography

Alexander-Mott, LeeAnn. Understanding Eating Disorders. Washington,

D.C.: Taylor & Francis Ltd., 1994.

Costin, Carolyn. The Eating Disorder Sourcebook. Los Angeles, CA: Lowell

     House, 1996.

K.D.K. "My Story." Online. March 3, 2000 <http://www.dana.ucc.nau.edu/

     ~kdk2/mystory.html>

D., Marcia. "My Story." Online. March 3, 2000 <http://www.members.

     Tripod.com/~MarciaD/index.html>

Thayne, Becky. Hope and Recovery. New York, New York: Emma Lou

     Thayne, 1992.





Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Effectiveness of Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Essay - Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are eating disorders that severely affect both men and women around the world. The cause of the eating disorder usually derives from psychological, biological and social forces. Eating disorders have become an epidemic in American society, twenty-four million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S. (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders.\, 2011). There are many ways to address and treat an eating disorder....   [tags: Promising treatments for anorexia and bulimia]
:: 6 Works Cited
2297 words
(6.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Psychological explanations of Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - Psychological explanations of Anorexia and Bulimia Based on the idea that woman experience more pressure to be thin that men, Behar et al. investigated the effect of gender identity on eating disorders. Behar et al. aimed to compare some traits of gender identity between females with eating disorders and a control group. 126 participants, 63 of whom had either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, and 63 who did not, were given a structured clinical interview based on the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for eating disorders and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) for gender identity....   [tags: Causes of Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa] 375 words
(1.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - Why does food become a deadly enemy for some people. Well, society continues to send the message to young women and even to a small number young men (more and more men are becoming victims of eating disorders these days) that to be happy and successful one must be thin, which causes them to starv and/or binge and purge themselves in an attempt to gain what the media considers an ideal figure. The media is full of "toothpick" thin models, in which women desire to be like. Women often need to be in the feel of being in control, it is an ongoing battle they encounter with perfection....   [tags: Eating Disorders, Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa] 1270 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - A variation of Anorexia, Bulimia ranges from excessive food intake, to an out of control compulsive cycle of binge eating where extraordinary amounts of any available food, usually of high carbohydrate content, may be consumed. Once having gorged, the victims are overcome with the urge to rd themselves of what they hate eaten by purging themselves, usually by vomiting, and sometimes by massive doses of laxatives. Between these obsessive bouts, most are able to accept some nutrition. Whereas the anorexic sufferer fears fatness from anticipated loss of eating control, and unlike the anorexic sufferer the typical bulimic individual is not emaciated, but usually maintains a normal body weight a...   [tags: Causes of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia] 1078 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - Bulimia nervosa is defined as two or more episodes of binge eating (rapid consumption of a large amount of food, up to 5,000 calories) every week for at least three months. The binges are sometimes followed by vomiting or purging and may alternate with compulsive exercise and fasting. The symptoms can develop at any age from early adolescence to 40, but usually become clinically serious in late adolescence. Bulimia is not as dangerous to health as anorexia, but it has many unpleasant physical effects, including fatigue, weakness, constipation, fluid retention, swollen salivary glands, erosion of dental enamel, sore throat from vomiting, and scars on the hand from inducing vomiting....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia] 976 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - Bulimia Nervosa June Engel (1993), found that today’s society’s idealization of thinness is producing an alarming increase in eating disorders especially among young women. The never-ending efforts to lose weight and conform to the media image of an “ideal” shape are leading more and more young people to diet at the cost of health. Weight – preoccupation is now widespread in our society, affecting the people of all ages, classes, occupations and ethnic backgrounds. June, Engel (1993) reported that once considered just a subclass of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa is now recognized as its own disease, occurring mainly in women aged 16 to 25, especially among high school students....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia] 690 words
(2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia - A Growing Epidemic Essay - Bulimia and anorexia is a growing epidemic in America. Bulimia and Anorexia can start at any age, but is most common between the ages of 11-17 years old. Of all the individuals that experience this illness only 50% of all of them are ever cured, and another 6% that suffer from this horrible illness will experience death. This illness has become very deadly to our young adults. Bulimia and anorexia can cause a distorted image in a persons mind because they truly believe they are overweight. In their minds they are beyond doubt obese....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia] 1082 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa Essay - What is an eating disorder. A simple definition of an eating disorder is abnormal patterns of behavior and thought. All eating disorders have shared characteristics. There is fear of becoming fat, drive to become thin, an obsession with food, weight, and calories. Families of sufferers also have an increased incidence of depression, obesity, substance abuse, and eating disorders. Two main eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Anorexia is an eating disorder in which a person is obsessed by thoughts of an unattainable image of “perfect” thinness....   [tags: Causes of Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa] 590 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - Bulimia Nervosa [also known as Bulimia] is a very serious and dangerous eating disorder. The disorder can be describe as bingeing and then followed by purging or a person who eats a large amount of food in short periods of time and then vomits after eating to prevent on gaining the weight cause by the food. There is different ways of going about ways to prevent the weight gain, making oneself throw up, taking pills, or laxatives which will increase how fast the food will move through your body, exercising excessively, eating a little amount or not at all, or taking other pills to pass urine This disorder is mostly between the ages of 15 and 35, even if they have no specific food...   [tags: Causes of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia] 1667 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Anorexia and Bulimia Essay - Bulimia Nervosa I sat there staring in the mirror filled with disgust at the figure on the other end. I thought “ another day, another day living and thinking of nothing else but the way that I look naked, the way I look with clothes on, and the way other people look at me.” I was 17 years old when I began to have the premature symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa. I was a cheerleader for a national competition squad, and was worried about being able to tumble to my full potential because of the extra weight that I was carrying....   [tags: Causes of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia] 1873 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]