Preview
Preview

Essay on Voltaire's Candide

No Works Cited
Length: 3530 words (10.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Voltaire's Candide


Voltaire’s masterpiece has been read delightfully and with much interest by many people since its scarcely secret publication in Geneva and Paris (1759). When it was first published, there were about twenty copies, most of which were pirated. When Voltaire died (1778) there were already more than fifty, and later on it became the best seller of the eighteenth century.

It is true that the local conditions have changed since Candide was written. English admirals are not shot any more as a lesson in military perseverance. Jesuits are no longer meal to any tribe in South America, and people do not get cut into pieces when they try to escape from slavery, or at least not as much. But within our own circumstances and in the world we are living on, war, rape, racism, greed, superstition, persecution, intolerance, and so on are part of everyday life coexisting with us in our society. Maybe the only difference that there is between nowadays and back then when Voltaire was living (before the French Revolution), is that now all those atrocities are camouflaged better, so that society it self do not get to realize sometimes what exactly is going on. To explain the difference between today’s society and the one that was back in Voltaire’s times, I have made an analogy: A pile of excrement that smelled really bad, was back then society. Today’s society would be the same pile of excrement, but with the difference that it does not smell bad because is covered up with a lot of perfume. Nowadays it does not smell bad and it is easier for us to live without the stink and the pestilent odor (we do not face reality). But the important thing is that it is the very same pile of excrement, or even bigger, but for us it would ve...


... middle of paper ...


...d for the best possible. So if there is a God, which he thought there was, that superior being had to make it perfect and therefore better than any other "world." The created world is the best of all possible worlds.

The way that Leibniz had to support his argument so it would make sense was by the principle of sufficient reason and consequently the choice of the best world has to be a consequence of God's nature. Leibniz made very clear that they flow from God's intellect, and not from God's will. Descartes had held before him that God's will is absolutely free, (it could be willed that 2 = 1 + 3) but Leibniz disagreed.

The best possible world is one in which justice is served: the wicked are punished and the virtuous rewarded. Good and bad are something we do not have the power to judge, because our knowledge and view is too small for us to see the general.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Voltaire's Candide: The Transformation of Candide Essay - Voltaire's Candide: The Transformation of Candide     Candide (1991), which is another version of "Voltaire" by French writer Francois-Marie Arouet, is a short but diverse story that tells of a young man's journey for love and the hardships he faces all the while keeping a very strong, positive and philosophical outlook on life. The book starts in an unknown year, hinted sometime around the Renaissance, with a young man named Candide. Candide loves the princess of a Baron and is banished from the land because of it....   [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Effective Satire of Voltaire's Candide Essay - The Effective Satire of Voltaire's Candide      In Candide, Voltaire sought to point out the fallacy of Gottfried Leibniz's theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the resulting inaction toward the evils of the world. Voltaire's use of satire, and its techniques of exaggeration and contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting of their fate. Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaire's time, developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time was "the best of all possible worlds." This systematic optimism shown by Leibniz is the philosophical system that believed everything already was for...   [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1191 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Voltaire's Candide Character Analysis Essay - Voltaire's Candide Character Analysis Voltaire's Candide seems to display a world of horror, one filled with floggings, rapes, robberies, unjust executions, disease, natural disasters, betrayals and cannibalism. Pangloss, the philosopher, has a constant optimistic view throughout the entire novel even despite all of the cruelty in the world. While looking back on the book I couldn't think of many characters that displayed admirable qualities. Even though Pangloss stuck to his views that everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds, which is admirable, he is stupid and naive to still believe this after everything he and his family goes through....   [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays Papers]
:: 2 Works Cited
1423 words
(4.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Voltaire's Candide Essay - Voltaire's Candide Voltaire, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet, was a man whose cynical style of writing brought attention upon himself, both in the positive aspect and in the negative. Francois associated himself with a group of politically power-hungry people who held a frantic hatred against the duke of Orleans. He was wrongly believed to have printed two libelous poems that defaced the duke and due to the false accusation he was imprisoned in the Bastille....   [tags: Voltaire Candide] 1025 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Voltaire's Candide Essay - Voltaire's Candide Voltaire uses many writing techniques, which are similar to that of the works of Cervantes, Alighieri, Rabelais and Moliere. The use of the various styles shows that, despite the passing of centuries and the language change, certain writing techniques will always be effective. One common literary technique is the author's use of one or more of his characters as his own voice to speak out the authors own views on certain subjects. For instance, in Moliere's Tartuffe, the author uses the character of Cleante to speak out against religious hypocrites: "Nothing that I more cherish and admire than honest zeal and true religious fire....   [tags: Voltaire Candide ] 1186 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide Essay - Successful Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide Voltaire's Candide is the story of how one man's adventures affect his philosophy on life. Candide begins his journey full of optimism that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds," but he learns that it is naïve to say that good will eventually come of any evil.  Voltaire successfully uses satire as a means of conveying his opinions about many aspects of European society in the eighteenth century.  He criticizes religion, the evils found in every level of society, and a philosophy of optimism when faced with an intolerable world.  Candide portrays religious persecution as one of the most worst aspects of society.  Voltaire rejects...   [tags: Candide essays Voltaire ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1563 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
A Freudian Analysis of Voltaire's Candide Essay - A Freudian Analysis of Voltaire's Candide       In Civilization and its Discontents, Sigmund Freud refers to the important role that love plays in the world of Man. Love certainly plays an important role in Voltaire's Candide; throughout Candide's journeys, a constant factor is his love for Lady Cunegonde and his desire to be with her. Freud writes "the way of life which makes love the centre of everything [...] comes naturally to all of us," (Freud, p. 29). Candide's love for Cunegonde is the driving force of his life from the moment they are parted at the beginning of the novel until they are bonded in marriage at the end....   [tags: Candide Voltaire Freud Essays Papers]
:: 2 Works Cited
1635 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Voltaire's Candide Essay - Voltaire's Candide Throughout the novel, Candide, Voltaire repeatedly exploits the nature of humans to consider other's situations and lifestyles to be better than that of their own. Voltaire uses Candide's journeys to portray the human assumption that the grass is always greener on the other side. This theme is shown in Candide's strife for companionship, his experience with wealth, and his interaction with other characters. The situations that develop the theme do so in such a way that the reader is able to understand and relate to the aspirations of Candide....   [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays] 826 words
(2.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Voltaire's Candide - Voltaires's Candide In Voltaires?s Candide, the main character, Candide, fails to live happily because he is looking outside of himself and his circumstances to do it. Voltaire says through Candide's ultimate discovery that happiness in many ways depends on a person's attitude. Voltaire's philosophy expressed through Candide's final realization is that "We must cultivate our garden," which is the key to happiness(p.585). By cultivating our garden, Voltaire means that we must make the best of our situation in the present moment....   [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1143 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Voltaire's Candide - Voltaire's Candide Voltaire’s masterpiece has been read delightfully and with much interest by many people since its scarcely secret publication in Geneva and Paris (1759). When it was first published, there were about twenty copies, most of which were pirated. When Voltaire died (1778) there were already more than fifty, and later on it became the best seller of the eighteenth century. It is true that the local conditions have changed since Candide was written. English admirals are not shot any more as a lesson in military perseverance....   [tags: Voltaire Candide Literature History Essays] 3530 words
(10.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]