Damage to the Hypothalamus
:: 9 Works Cited
2172 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)
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“The hypothalamus is a small area near the base of the
brain just ventral to the thalamus” (Kalat 90). It makes up
about 1/300 total brain weight in humans, and it is about the
size of an almond (www.factmonster.com). Since the hypothalamus
is attached to the pituitary gland, which is considered the
“master gland,” the hypothalamus is the structure which actually
has master control over promoting or inhibiting hormone release,
affecting many glands (Kalat 327). The main function of the
hypothalamus is to regulate homeostasis, but its wide range of
control affects the generation of behaviors involved in eating,
drinking, temperature regulation, sexual behavior, copulation,
maternal behavior, general arousal, activity level, the sleep-
wake cycle, and emotional regulation of rage, aggression,
embarrassment, escape from danger in “fight or flight”
responses, and pleasure (www.geocities.com). When the
hypothalamus is damaged, specific behavior changes occur
dependent on the lesion location on the hypothalamus. The
affects of such behavior changes...
... middle of paper ...
...ho Care About Them (2001). U.S. Department of Health and
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Taylor, S.E., Falke, R.L., Shoptaw, S.J., Steven, J., &
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