Rome: The Eternal City Essay example

:: 8 Works Cited
Length: 2260 words (6.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rome: The Eternal City
Problems with format

?The history of Rome is shrouded in myth and legend.? Tales of glorious victories, conquering heroes, and vanquished foes color our perception of this legendary city.? Myth and reality are so closely intertwined that we would be remiss to examine the one without the other.? From a cluster of humble villages, arose a mighty people who would capture the admiration of the world for centuries thereafter.? To look at the history of Rome is to look at the history of civilization itself, for with Rome, modern civilization began.

The Beginnings: Myth and Reality

?The circumstances surrounding the founding of this ancient city remain a mystery.? With the Gaul?s destruction of Rome in 330 B.C., much of the early writings and archaeological remains recording the city?s past were destroyed.[i]? This lack of information did not hinder the early Roman historians, though: they simply created their own version of history.? Anxious to connect their city to a noble origin comparable to the heroic Greeks?, early Romans pointed to the Trojan hero Aeneas as the founder of their homeland.? In Plutarch?s Life of Romulus, Aeneas is said to have sailed to southern Italy where he met a soothsayer who allowed him to commune with his deceased father.[ii]? His father predicted that Aeneas would sire a great race and that his descendents, namely Romulus and Remus, would eventually establish a city that would rule the entire world and whose spirit will match that of the gods.[iii]? According to the myth, Romulus and Remus were born into the lineage of Aeneas, but were abandoned while they were infants under the orders of their evil uncle who had usurped the throne.? The twins were saved by a she-wo...

... middle of paper ...

...s Voisin, Yann Le Bohec, and David Cherry, A History of Rome (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001), p.23.

[vi] Nardo, p.22.

[vii] ibid, p.22.

[viii] ibid, p.26.

[ix] Le Glay, p.25.

[x] ibid, p.25.

[xi] ibid, p.40.

[xii] Nardo, p.29.

[xiii] ibid, p.29.

[xiv] Matthews, p.50.

[xv] Le Glay, p.42.

[xvi] ibid, p.179.

[xvii] Matthews, p.158-168.

[xviii] Le Glay, p.32.

[xix] ibid, p.36.

[xx] F.R. Cowell, Everyday Life in Ancient Rome (New York: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1962), p.18.

[xxi] ibid, p.14.

[xxii] Encyclopedia Americana, vol.23 (Danbury, CT: Grolier, Inc: 1997), p.686.

[xxiii] ibid, p.686.

[xxiv] ibid, p.686.

[xxv] Stuart E. Jones, ?When in Rome. . .?, National Geographic, June 1970, p.746.

[xxvi] ibid, p.747.

[xxvii] T.R. Reid, ?The World According to Rome,? National Geographic, August 1997, p.82.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
The Roman Empire: The Eternal City Essay - The Roman Empire was one of the strongest civilizations during its twelve century history.The three most important contributions to their strengths were a perfect location which provided an abundance of resources, powerful leaders such as Julius Caesar that focused on military might so they could conquer other civilizations, and a far more advanced architecture than their neighbors. The history of Rome is so important because they are one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed and there are reasons to why they were so successful....   [tags: romulus and remo, tiber river, military]
:: 6 Works Cited
1032 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Rise and Fall of Athens and Ancient Rome - History has witnessed the rise and fall of many powerful cities, starting with Ur and Babylon and continuing into present day with cities such as New York City. Two of these cities, ancient Athens and ancient Rome, stand out from other cities of their time due to their culture, politics, and influence, both on the world around them and on future civilizations. These strengths qualify them as world cities, and despite their eventual losses of power, their legacies live on. Athens obtained hegemony around 448 BC, right after the war-like city-state of Sparta....   [tags: World History] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay Federico Fellini's Rome - ... A film, Fellini's Roma (1972), which improves over time and visions, in which you are unable to grasp the greatness without noticing that you are watching not one story but millions, trillions of sketchy stories to provide a unified and compact framework, a work that seems to be always on the move. Fellini's Rome is portrayed in many different ways through his movies. You could almost accuse him of contradicting in the various visions he gave of his adopted city: Rome of the poor and disillusioned whores, represented by Cabiria who experiences many situations but who resists and smiles to life; Rome of the paparazzi and La Dolce Vita, with Anita Ekberg trying with Marcello to join her in...   [tags: film analysis] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Hannibal’s Tactical Defeat of the Roman Army at Cannae Essay - The Battle of Cannae, between the Carthaginian General Hannibal and the larger Roman army under the command of Lucius Aemilius Paulus and Gaius Terentius Varro in 216 B.C. serves as one of the most influential tactical battles in history. Two enemy forces faced off using very different tactics. The Roman Empire had succeeded in amassing over 50,000 infantry troops and an estimated 6,000 cavalry troops. The Roman army planned to use its vast numbers to subdue the smaller numbered forces of the Carthaginian army using sheer force....   [tags: Ancient Rome]
:: 3 Works Cited
1334 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Arch of Titus: The Triumph of the Emperor Essay - One of the most striking uses of architecture for glorification of a Roman emperor is the Arch of Titus. Built specifically upon the highest point of the Via Sacra, or Sacred Road, this arch is a lasting monument to the glorification of Titus. The Arch of Titus was built by Emperor Domitian to honor the capture and siege of Jerusalem by Titus and his apotheosis, or deification. This arch is an outstanding example of one of the most celebrated ways used by the Romans to express the honor and glory of their emperors....   [tags: Rome Architecture]
:: 5 Works Cited
1340 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Reasons Why To Visit Rome Essay - ... It features a mythological sculptural composition of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked by two Tritons. On my journey towards the Trevi Fountain there were huge crowds of people, but even though it was very crowded I was greeted by many affable people. You will see many exuberant people crowd around the perfectly sculptured statues which stand upon the extravagantly colourful blue pristine waters. You will definitely agree that it is a stunningly magnificent sight to see. The day after my visit to the wonderful Trevi Fountain, I went to visit the beautiful Villa d'Este....   [tags: rome, roman history, vatican city] 580 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about The City of Rome - The City of Rome The city of Rome was quite spacious. It had a “population of about 1,000,000” (Arnold, Pg. 266). Within the city of Rome, there was a variety of ethnic groups. It was a multi-ethnic cosmopolitan city: Italians from various districts as well as people from Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Judea, Persia, Egypt, North Africa, Spain, Gaul, Germany, Brittania, and elsewhere” (Arnold, Pg. 266). Rome also had five or six different religions. “The entire pantheon of Roman gods, numerous Greek deities, some Asian, Persian and Egyptian deities, the goddess Roma, and the ruler cult” (Arnold, Pg....   [tags: Roman History, The Colosseum] 1160 words
(3.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Fall of Rome Essay - The Roman Empire was the most powerful Empire during Antiquity. It is traditionally considered to have “fallen” in 476, when Rome’s last emperor was deposed. Many theories have been presented as to why it fell, from unsound economic and social policies to mass lead poisoning. The actual cause of Rome’s fall is the result of many factors, but was mainly caused by Rome’s poor economic policies. A question that must first be addressed is whether or not Rome actually fell. There are two main theories which have lead to this conclusion....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman history]
:: 11 Works Cited
1119 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Decline of Rome Essays - The Decline of Rome What were the most important reasons for the decline of the Roman Empire. Why. The seemingly unstoppable Roman Empire was bound to fall after the many aspects that made Rome such a dominant empire started to fade away. Rome was the center of the world and the thought that such a worldwide power could decline was unheard of. It was not built in a day; therefore it couldn't be destroyed in one day. The marvelous city declined for many reasons yet there are only a few major reasons that led to its diminish....   [tags: Ancient Rome Roman History] 1022 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Rome - Rome The Greeks, after their country had been reduced into a province, imputed the triumphs of Rome, not to the merit, but to the FORTUNE, of the republic. The inconstant goddess, who so blindly distributes and resumes her favours, had now consented (such was the language of envious flattery) to resign her wings, to descend from her globe, and to fix her firm and immutable throne on the banks of the Tiber.[1] A wiser Greek, who has composed, with a philosophic spirit, the memorable history of his own times, deprived his countrymen of this vain and delusive comfort by opening to their view the deep foundations of the greatness of Rome.[2] The fidelity of the citizens to each other, and to t...   [tags: Roman Culture Rome Military History Essays] 4325 words
(12.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]