My Account
Preview
Preview

Race, Urban Poverty, and Public Policy Essay

No Works Cited
Length: 2428 words (6.9 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The problems of race and urban poverty remain pressing challenges which the United States has yet to address. Changes in the global economy, technology, and race relations during the last 30 years have necessitated new and innovative analyses and policy responses. A common thread which weaves throughout many of the studies reviewed here is the dynamics of migration. In When Work Disappears, immigrants provide comparative data with which to highlight the problems of ghetto poverty affecting blacks. In No Shame in My Game, Puerto Rican and Dominican immigrants are part of the changing demographics in Harlem. In Canarsie, the possible migration of blacks into a working/middle-class neighborhood prompts conservative backlash from a traditionally liberal community. In Streetwise, the migration of yuppies as a result of gentrification, and the movement of nearby-ghetto blacks into these urban renewal sites also invoke fear of crime and neighborhood devaluation among the gentrifying community. Not only is migration a common thread, but the persistence of poverty, despite the current economic boom, is the cornerstone of all these works. Poverty, complicated by the dynamics of race in America, call for universalistic policy strategies, some of which are articulated in Poor Support and The War Against the Poor.

In When Work Disappears, William Julius Wilson builds upon many of the insights he introduced in The Truly Disadvantaged, such as the rampant joblessness, social isolation, and lack of marriageable males that characterized many urban ghetto neighborhoods. In the class discussion, Professor Wilson argues that it is necessary to disassociate unemployment with joblessness, as the former only measures those still s...


... middle of paper ...


...or-eliminating technology -- they are unlikely to be plausible policy alternatives in the current political and high-technology-oriented context. What all these analyses and policy recommendations do require is a universalistic strategy, backed by a broad-based multi-ethnic, multi-class coalition which cuts across ideological and political lines in order to address the problems of race and urban poverty at the dawn of the 21st century.

Works Cited

David Ellwood Poor Support

Herbert Gans The War Against the Poor: The Underclass and Antipoverty Policy


Notes

1 Wilson, 28.

2 Ibid, 75-8.

3 Ibid, 216-18.

4 Newman, 292-293.

5 Rieder, 79.

6 Ibid, 173.

7 These definitions of social organization are also found in Wilson, 20.

8 Anderson, 144-45.

9 Wilson, 62.

10 Ibid, 113.

11 Ellwood, 238.

12 Gans, 110-112.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Causes of Poverty - Cultural vs. Structural Essay example - Parsing out the influences of cultural and structural factors leading to differential behaviors among the poor and nonpoor is a difficult challenge for sociologists concerned with stratification and inequality. This is largely due to the fact that they appear to be so heavily intertwined. Structural and cultural factors reinforce each other in complex ways. Pervasive cultural elements such as ideologies and values are used to frame and interpret existing socio-economic structures and their effects on individuals....   [tags: Sociology of Poverty]
:: 21 Works Cited
2600 words
(7.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay on Poverty and Inequality - Poverty and inequality exist in every developed culture and often are only patched in order for society to continue upwardly. Poverty and inequality in the United States exists for many reasons; reasons that very from the prospective lens. Interpretive theories in particular ask us to question our reality and its constructs. Interpretive theories require us to looks at the world as a social realm, one that we created and constantly change. Interpretive theories study the relationship between power and the construction of social roles as well as the invisible collection of patterns and habits that make up domination, (Delgado & Stefanic, 2001)....   [tags: Sociology, Critical Race Theory ] 1851 words
(5.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about The Inequalities Of Race In Housing And Education - Stereotypes are like scalp dandruff, unnecessary, ugly, and hard to get rid of, unless you have the right shampoo. That shampoo could symbolize proper education or enlightenment for getting rid of that particular stereotype. Some stereotypes are so absurd we sometimes wonder where the heck did they even originate from. For example, Asians are bad drivers, or white people cannot dance. However there is a type of stereotype that has some little truth to it, but you find it is not the people who we are stereotyping’s fault....   [tags: Kozol Education Poverty Stereotypes] 1349 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Traditional Public Schools for Children K-12 - Traditional public schools for children k-12 were once a staple here in the United States of America. The traditional public schools paid for by American tax dollars provided American children a quality education. Parents used to be confident in the ability of public schools to educate their children, believing that their children would be thoroughly prepared for life. Over a period of time, the satisfaction level of parents with public schools started to decline. Public schools in certain areas of the United States have underachieved and became a disturbing trend....   [tags: underperforming schools, poverty]
:: 6 Works Cited
1103 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Review of Kozol's Article on Urban Public Schools Essay - Review of Kozol's Article on Urban Public Schools Elements The first element of Kozol’s article is the reality of urban public schools and the isolation of their students. Jonathan Kozol illustrates a grim reality about the unequal attention given to urban and suburban schools. The article explains how Kozol specifically looks at how they reflect institutional discrimination and the failure to address the needs of minority children. The article notes that these are the inequalities of the title, seen in the way schools in predominantly white neighborhoods are more likely to have sufficient funding, while schools in poor and minority neighborhoods do not....   [tags: Education Article Analysis] 1664 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Economic Development in Urban Areas Essay - Economic Development in Urban Areas Economic change has helped lead America into urban crisis for the following reasons. First of all, because urban problems are no longer confined to the inner city, but are regional in nature. The federal government has, also, largely drawn from the urban policy arena, thereby having cities and sates to develop their own solutions to local problems. Furthermore, the economy of cities is no longer organized around a central business district, but is dispersed throughout a metropolitan region....   [tags: Papers] 766 words
(2.2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about Education Gap Between Social Classes and Race - In a world filled with useful resources, everyone dreams to be able to achieve great things; however, in order to do so, one must attain a respectable fluid and crystallized intelligence; education is a significant part of human resource development. The imparting of education leads to the development of understanding, perception, attitude, and efficiency of the working population. It has been considered as a lever to raise one's position in society as well as a tool to fight against poverty and ignorance; it is a gateway to the American Dream....   [tags: education, schooling, american dream]
:: 33 Works Cited
1073 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Chicago Population Study - Introduction Due to the consistent increase in population, there has been a serious concern on the health-event patterns in the contemporary society. The rise in population has as a result generated several issues that need to be addressed since population increase can lead to neglect of some important health issues. The rise is due to increase in the number of birth rate, decrease in the mortality rate and improvement in health services among others (Sinai Urban Health Institute, 2001). Chicago is commonly referred to as the Chicago metropolitan area or the Chicago land in the United States....   [tags: Urban Research ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1264 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Spiritual Poverty in James Joyce's Dubliners - Spiritual Poverty Exposed in The Dubliners   Joyce describes the spiritual poverty of the people of Dublin in the industrial age, with powerful images of mechanized humans and animated machines. In "After the Race" and "Counterparts" he delineates characters with appropriate portraits of human automation. Machines seize human attributes and vitality in opposition to the vacuous citizens of Ireland's capitalist city. Joyce's use of metaphorical language brings to life the despair of his country....   [tags: Dubliners Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1412 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Urban Poverty: The Underclass - In tackling the problem of urban poverty, William Julius Wilson calls for a revitalization of the liberal perspective in the ghetto underclass debate. He claims that liberals dominated the discussions with compelling and intelligent arguments until the advent of the controversial Moynihan report in 1965, which claimed that “at the heart of the deterioration of the Negro society is the deterioration of the Negro family” (Moynihan), After that, liberals avoided any research that might result in stigmatization of particular racial minorities....   [tags: Urban Decay, Urban Poor, 2014]
:: 5 Works Cited
2600 words
(7.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]