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The Debate Over God in the Pledge of Allegiance

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"I pledge allegiance, to the flag, of the United States of America, and to the Republic, for which it stands, one nation, under Congress, the Supreme Court, the Declaration of Independence, our founding fathers, and the President, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in 1892 (Baer). He did this in the memory of the 400th anniversary of Columbus discovering America ("The Pledge"). In 1954, Congress added the words, under God to the pledge; this was done for the differentiation of the United States from the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Recently, there has been great controversy about the words "under God" existing in the nations Pledge of Allegiance. Michael Newdow, a California atheist, brought this case to court. His objection was that his daughter was being forced to listen to her classmates recite the pledge. Newdows goal was to restore the pledge back to its original 1892 version so that people were not obligated to support a religion that they did not believe (E.P. News).

There are many rebuttals to the case; however, there are many indispensable arguments why this case is considered legit by a courts ruling as well. The nations founding fathers wrote the pledge, the majority of the United States is religious, the separation of church and state has not been complied with throughout the United States, and no one is required to say or listen to the pledge; so, removing the words "under God" from The Pledge of Allegiance is not understandable.

According to Morse, when Congress approved the addition of the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance, the decision was not done in order to profess religion towards the people of the United States. The foundi...


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"Newdow v. Congress". About.com. 2003 21 Oct. 2003.
"Religion in Public Schools". About.com. 2003. 21 Oct. 2003
. "Soapbox Archive". hotspots. 2002. 22 Oct. 2003. . Soucy, Melissa. "Athesist Discusses Challenge to Pledge of Allegiance". The Galaxy. 23 Feb. 2003. 22 Oct. 2003..
"The Pledge of Allegiance". Home of the Heros. 1999-2003. 27 Oct. 2003. . Williams, Donald M. "Our Freedom as Laid Out by Our Founding Fathers". Today's Modern Mother. 14 Aug. 2003. 22 Oct. 2003. .



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