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Comparing Plato's Republic and Thomas More's Utopia

:: 5 Works Cited
Length: 2965 words (8.5 double-spaced pages)
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The Relationship between Plato's Republic and Thomas More's Utopia

     The trite cliche that no man is an island applies equally well to political philosophies. Thomas More's Utopia was written both as a product of his time, and also as a product of a previous time--that of Greek civilization, especially around 380BC, when Plato's Republic was written. The similarities between the two books are not limited to them both being a dialogue. Both contain a description of the perfect state, although they do this for different reasons and they arrive at different types of perfection.


To understand the relationship, the two books must be contextualized. An important part of contextualization is to understand the role of Plato in both the period of Humanism and, within that, in the life of Thomas More. On the one hand, More, like many of his counterparts of the period, "had enjoyed good humanist [education] and retained a powerful love of classical literature" (Rice 141). To further complicate matters, though, although he was a politician, he was also a devout ...

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Ferguson, John. Utopias of the Classical World. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1975.


Manuel, Frank E. and Fritzie P. Manuel. Utopian Thought in the Western World. Cambridge, MA: Belknap-Harvard Press, 1979.


More, Thomas. Utopia. Trans. Paul Turner. New York: Penguin Books, 1965.


Plato. Republic. Trans. G.M.A. Grube. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1974.


Rice, Eugene E. and Anthony Grafton. The Foundations of Early Modern Europe, 1460-1559. 2nd. ed. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1994.


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