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The Role of Education in Modern Society

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The Role of Education in Modern Society

Functionalism is based on the notion of social consensus. They see
society as consisting of distinguishable parts. All these parts have a
clear role, which is to fulfil functions, which keeps the society
whole and orderly. As applied to education, functionalists view the
education system as fulfilling the important function of
socialisation. E.g. the curriculum taught at school should reflect the
common culture to ensure that pupils, who are all members of society,
will act out their particular roles in society’s interests. According
to the functionalist, education also transmits society’s norms and
values, which promotes value consensus. Not only do functionalists see
the various parts of society fulfilling functions they also see them
working together. In the case of educational system, it’s often seen
working together with the economical system as schools develop the
skills required for the world of work.

Naturally, functionalist have been criticised for their optimistic

... middle of paper ...

...ocial class prevents the
education system from efficiently grading individuals in terms of

To conclude this essay, the functionalists have identified education
as a crucial part of the socialisation process as it transmits and
re-inforces society’s norms and values, prepares children for adult
roles and selects young people in terms of their abilities for crucial
roles. However, their views have been criticised for various reasons
mainly for being to optimistic in how the educational system operates.

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