The Behaviorist, Psychodynamic and Humanistic Contributions to Psychology

:: 3 Works Cited
Length: 1889 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

This essay will in turn look at the behaviorist, Psychodynamic, and
Humanistic approaches to Psychology. It will evaluate the assumptions
and contributions for each approach.

Behaviorists emphasize the relationship between the environment
surrounding a person and how it affects a person’s behavior. They are
primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal
events like thinking and emotion. This is a criticism of the
behaviorist approach; it is seen as mechanistic and oversimplified,
because it ignores mental processes or reinterprets them as just types
of behavior. John Watson saw emotions as the secretion of glands and
thinking as the movement of our vocal chords without actual speech.
However studies have been carried out and it has been found that
people can still think even when their vocal chords are paralyzed.

Behaviorists make the assumption that in humans; virtually all
behaviors are caused by learned relationships between a stimulus that
excites the sense organs and a response which is the reaction to the

John Watson was strongly influenced by the work of Pavlov on classical
conditioning. Pavlov trained dogs to salivate whenever he rang a
bell. An unconditioned Stimulus (the bell) leads to an unconditioned
Response (salivation). When the unconditioned stimulus is paired with
another Stimulus (food), this stimulus will eventually produce the
response on its own and is then called the conditioned stimulus which
produces a Conditioned response. Behaviorists propose that phobias
come about in a similar way, for example, somebody who is
spider-phobic, might have learned to be scar...

... middle of paper ...


This essay has evaluated the assumptions and contributions of the
behaviourist, psychodynamic and humanistic approaches to psychology.
The behaviourist approach focuses on the behaviour of people and seeks
to explain behaviour as being learnt. The psychodynamic and humanist
approaches are more concerned with the emotional aspects of people’s
lives rather than their behaviour. The psychodynamic approach places
importance on childhood experience. The humanist approach places more
emphasis on the importance of our self image.


Basic Psychology by Henry Gleitman (First Edition)

Psychology, third edition by Cardwell, Clark and Meldrum

Psychology – A New Introduction by Richard Gross, Rob McIlveen, Hugh
Coolicun, Alan Clamp and Julia Russell (Twelfth Edition)

Class lectures and handouts

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Comparison of Behaviorism and the Humanistic Approach Essay - ... Maslow saw personality as having positive qualities and not just the study of personality by focusing on the negative side; he looked at the positive side of mental health (Sollod, Wilson & Monte, 2009). Maslow emphasized the importance of studying psychologically healthy people as opposed to studying the unhealthy people; he believed his approach resulted in a more universal science of psychology (Hjelle & Ziegler, 1992). This was an important contribution in psychology as studying the healthy people essentially would help understand the unhealthy people in terms of the way that they should be feeling....   [tags: psychology, experiences, personality] 3233 words
(9.2 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Potency of Humanistic Therapy Essay - The Potency of Humanistic Therapy With the ever growing expansion of the modern culture that our American society has wrapped our time and hearts around, we have lost some of the most basic and fulfilling concepts about what it means to be human, and how we can live our lives to the highest potential. In some ways, this is due in part to the fact that we have created an environment for ourselves that is significantly different from the one in which we evolved. Currently in modern society, certain elements of our culture have been exaggerated and others diminished, in order to emphasize qualities that are attractive to the modern individual at this specific moment in time....   [tags: humanistic psychology, modern culture]
:: 13 Works Cited
1848 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Humanistic Psychology Essay - The focus of this paper is the person-centered approach, which is the understanding of personality and human relationships in psychotherapy and counseling in the areas of client-centered therapy, education of student-centered learning, organizations, and other group settings. Even though psychoanalysis and behaviorism have made major contributions to psychology, it has influenced the understanding and practices of the humanistic movement, specifically with the therapies for the different mental disorders....   [tags: psychoanalysis, behaviorism, humanism]
:: 4 Works Cited
1623 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Humanistic and Social Development Essay - There are many types of Physical Education, but the one I am going to talk about today is Humanistic and Social Development, and how it relates to Physical Education. First off, the primary objective of early physical education programs was a person’s physical health. Humanistic and social development emphasizes self-awareness and choice as a basis for personal growth. With a humanistic approach, there is a connection between physical education and a person’s social and emotion well-being. There are five major tenets of humanistic psychology which also tie into physical education....   [tags: physical education, humanistic psychology]
:: 1 Works Cited
1282 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Psychology: I Relate to the Humanistic and Behavioral Theories Most Essays - There are many different modern perspectives of psychology. These modern perspectives are cognitive,psycoanalysis,humanistic.socio-cultural,behavioral and evolutionary. When thinking about a key event in regard to different personality theories, I felt that I could most relate that key event of my life to the humanistic and behavioral theory. I will mainly be emphazing on these two modern perspectives. Moreover, I will then evaluate the key concepts and the principles of these two theories, and briefly compare and contrast their thoughts in the following paragraphs....   [tags: Psychology, ] 1034 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Humanistic Psychology Essay - Augustine was a saint and philosopher. Some of Augustine’s thought can be related to the practice of humanistic psychology. My professional focus is the psychotherapy category called Humanistic-Experiential. Humanistic-Experiential therapies are, “psychotherapies emphasizing personal growth and self-direction” (Butcher, et al, 2006). The humanistic approach places primary importance upon human interests, values, and most importantly the belief in human potentials (Schultz & Schultz, 2009, pp297)....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 4 Works Cited
1085 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Behaviorist and Cognitive Approaches to Psychology Essay - The Behaviorist and Cognitive Approaches to Psychology In this essay I am going to explore two of the major approaches to Psychology, Cognitive theories and Behaviorist theories. I will discuss in some detail the two approaches, state how they compare and illustrate the similarities and the differences between them. John Watson, one of the founders of Behaviorism, based his theories on the principles of learning outlined by Pavlov who suggested the theory known as Classical Conditioning; he trained dogs to salivate whenever he rang a bell....   [tags: Papers Psychology] 1176 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Taking a Look at Humanistic Psychology - ... He starts running his family restaurant. While running his family business Antonio starts to get mood swings and feelings of depression and frustration. He can’t work out why and turns to alcohol for help. All this does is enhance his feelings and he tries to commit suicide this lead Antonio to counselling. Whilst in counselling exploring himself and how he got so low he realises he doesn’t like running the family restaurant or in fact cooking. So why had he spent his life working hard to become a chef....   [tags: alternative to psychoanalysis] 2395 words
(6.8 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay about Humanistic Psychology - In general, human nature consists of three main parts: the mind (intellect), the body (biological makeup) and the spirit (emotional makeup). As the mind and the body are being well explored in behaviorism and psychoanalysis, the spirit of a person has been increasingly popular from the mid-20th century. In the early 1960s, a movement named third-force psychology started as a reaction to the defect of behaviorism and psychoanalysis to deal fully with the human condition (Hergenhahn, 2008). This third-force movement is humanistic psychology, which refers to the combination of the philosophy of romanticism and existentialism....   [tags: Human Nature, The Mind, Body, Spirit]
:: 1 Works Cited
1180 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Humanistic Psychology Essays - Overview: Throughout history many individuals and groups have affirmed the inherent value and dignity of human beings. They have spoken out against ideologies, beliefs and practices, which held people to be merely the means for accomplishing economic and political ends. They have reminded their contemporaries that the purpose of institutions is to serve and advance the freedom and power of their members. In Western civilization we honor the times and places, such as Classical Greece and Europe of the Renaissance, when such affirmations were expressed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1419 words
(4.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]