Preview
Preview

Sociology as a Science Essay

Missing Works Cited
Length: 1143 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Orange      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Sociology emerged in the eighteenth century after a period of intense
cultural, social and economic changes. As people began to try to
understand these changes, there came a period called the
Enlightenment. This is also considered by Hamilton (1992) to be a
“time characterised by the development of distinctively modern forms
of thought about society and the realm of the social.” The
Enlightenment encouraged a new way of thinking marked by application
of reason, experience and experiment to the natural and social world.
Sociologists approached the study of society and change by using
scientific means as they were inspired by the recognition of the value
of scientific principles and procedures.

Science is a systematic, rigorous, controlled discipline aimed at
understanding, gathering knowledge about and predicting occurrences
within the natural world. If a research method has these
characteristics it can be considered ‘scientific’. Science is a body
of knowledge associated with a particular style of research, that is,
one characterised by the use of certain methods in specific
circumstances and shaped by an underlying rationale. The purest
example of the scientific method is the experiment. In the mid
eighteenth century science became, as Hamilton (1992) would say it,
“for the intellectuals of the Enlightenment, the epitome of
enlightened reason.” Science was perceived as knowledge that people
could trust and that would be true for all circumstances, hence,
science became a powerful force in society and assumed a new status as
a superior form of understanding. This belief in science led two
strands of sociologists being formed,...


... middle of paper ...


...established
procedures and research methods to push back the boundaries of
inquiry. They both seek to improve the human condition through
research and fort both the purpose of research is to enhance our
understanding of the world, be it natural or social.

Although there are sociologists that believe in sociology becoming
scientific and those who do not, there are advantages and
disadvantages that have to be take into account when analysing whether
or not it is convenient or beneficial for sociology to become
scientific. The truth is that if it were to become considered a
science that sociology would become more respected and it would become
well known in society than it is today. But on the other hand, if it
would become a science it would be considered a metanarrative and
therefore move away from post-modernity.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Sociology as a Science Essay - Sociology emerged in the eighteenth century after a period of intense cultural, social and economic changes. As people began to try to understand these changes, there came a period called the Enlightenment. This is also considered by Hamilton (1992) to be a “time characterised by the development of distinctively modern forms of thought about society and the realm of the social.” The Enlightenment encouraged a new way of thinking marked by application of reason, experience and experiment to the natural and social world....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 1143 words
(3.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Emile Durkheim and The Science of Sociology Essays - Introduction Emile Durkheim was born in France in April of 1858 and died in November of 1917. He was from a close Jewish community that he continued to be close to even after breaking with the Jewish church. Having come from a long family line of rabbis, he had planned to follow in that profession. Durkheim was known as the Father of Sociology. He was a liberal, a modernist, and a nationalist. He was a very ambitious man; this ambition was illustrated by the accomplishments he made over the course of his life....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1278 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History of Science Analysis Paper - History of Science Analysis Paper Europe’s Age of Enlightenment was a time of new scientific theories, discoveries, and technologies that powerfully affected, even shaped, society. As technological advances became widespread after the Industrial Revolution, this interactive relationship between science and society accelerated. Reflecting on the social and scientific changes they were witnessing, Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) and Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) sought to grasp the nature and consequences of a central interest of the Enlightenment, Progress....   [tags: Science Sociology]
:: 5 Works Cited
1212 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Division of Labor in Society by Emily Durkheim Essay - Emile Durkheim is largely credited as the man who made Sociology a science. As a boy, he was enraptured by the scientific approach to society, but at that time, there was no social science curriculum. Vowing to change this, Durkheim worked scrupulously to earn his “degree in philosophy in 1882”. (Johnson 34) Unable to change the French school system right away, Emile traveled to Germany to further his education. It was there that he published his initial findings and gained the knowledge necessary to influence the French education system....   [tags: science, sociology] 631 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Extrinsic Social Context of Scientific Work Essay - To exercise authoritative or dominating influence over (“Control,” ), this is the definition of control. Authoritative and dominating can both be seen as words that provoke negative emotions. While control may be associated with those feelings, it is not always a bad thing. We reap in the benefits of control on a daily basis, whether we are aware of it or not. Scientists do what society wants them to do, thereby affecting the finding of science. Even how they arrive at a conclusion is determined by society telling them what is ethical and unethical....   [tags: science, sociology, ] 1392 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about The Endless Battle with Prison Gangs - The Endless Battle with Prison Gangs As the years pass, the rate of gang affiliated crimes in the Unites States has progressed extensively, accumulating more inmates into our major prisons doubling the maximum occupancy that the jails can hold. In the U.S there are currently 33,000 active violent street, motorcycle, and prison gangs with a recorded 1.4 million members combined. The registered number of police officers is a mere 683,396; which is not even half of our countries gang population. Incredibly enough, even with their small numbers these officers do the impossible to control, learn, and manipulate the ways of the inmates; taking all of the precautions necessary to stop and protect...   [tags: criminality, sociology, behavioral science]
:: 5 Works Cited
1677 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Does Growing up in a Multicultural Area Prove Beneficial in your Social Experience in College? - The research question that I chose was; "Does growing up in an area with multicultural area prove to be beneficial in your social experience in college?" I choose this question for many reasons. The main reason for choosing the question is that I am from a culturally diverse area and am friends with people from all different races, backgrounds, and cultures. Being raised In Pasadena, Maryland where my high school was 10% black, 60% white, with the remaining 30% being split between Asian, Chinese, and Hispanic....   [tags: sociology, behavioral science]
:: 4 Works Cited
1694 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Notions of Masculinities and Their Influence on Young Male Suicide Essay - Globally, there is a growing trend; some may even suggest an epidemic of youth suicide. However, it is more notable to mention, it is an increase in young male suicide compared to all other suicide that is troublesome. Over the past 30 years in Australia, suicide rates for the male age range of 15-24 years old has steadily increased and now accounts for 20% of one in five of all deaths in this age range. (Australian Government, 2007). However, Australia isn’t alone in this trend, youth suicide is among the first to third leading killer of young people, especially males, in the United States, Canada, New Zealand and many Western European countries (Gruber, 2001) Additionally, suicide is the s...   [tags: psychology, sociology, behavioral science]
:: 27 Works Cited
1852 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Cinderella's Theories Essay - The classic fairy tale of Cinderella easily connects with three different perspectives of social science – anthropology, sociology and psychology. Anthropology, being the study of cultures, relates to Cinderella regarding how the characters were brought up through their cultural background. The perspective of sociology – people within groups and social structures – explains how and why the different conflicts arise within the story. Psychology studies mental processes and behaviour, analysing Freudian decisions of Cinderella and what might have been her mental state in the fairy tale....   [tags: Social Science, Anthropology, Sociology]
:: 7 Works Cited
1341 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Contemporary Family as More Democratic and Equal Essay - The Contemporary Family as More Democratic and Equal In the course of this essay I shall be looking at the role of the family. In doing so I shall be examining various studies carried out, showing what the role of the family should be. This will include views by Willmott and Young, and contrasting ones of such authors as Ann Oakley, a feminist. The family is often looked upon as a social institution, a bond that joins individuals into families. This bond is reinforced by marriage, economic co-operation and sexual activity leading to the eventual conception of new life....   [tags: Sociology Family Science]
:: 4 Works Cited
1403 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]