The Anglo-Irish Agreement
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The Anglo-Irish Agreement
The Anglo-Irish agreement, 1985, this was agreed between Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garrett Fitzgerald.
Between 1980 and 1984, the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
held regular meetings with Taoiseach Charles Haughey and then Garrett
Fitzgerald. Both governments were concerned about continuing the
violence with the IRA and about the increasing support for the IRA’S
political wing, Sinn Fein. By 1984, Mrs Thatcher was convinced that
any solution would have to involve the Irish republicans. Unionists in
Northern Ireland became increasingly concerned during these
discussions, but Thatcher ignored their fears. In November 1985, she
signed the Anglo-Irish agreement with Garrett Fitzgerald. The
agreement was well received in most of mainland Britain and the
republic. In Northern Ireland, the alliance and SDLP felt that it had
possibilities. Sinn Fein rejected this because it confirmed the
partition of Ireland. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1922 established the
Irish Free State. Unionist objections to a united Ireland had resulted
in the establishment of Northern Ireland through the Government of
Ireland Act 1920. Relations between Dublin and London soured shortly
after the arrival to power of Eamonn de Valera in 1932. The 1930s were
dominated by a trade war, instigated by de Valera's Fianna Fail
Government. Ireland ratified a new constitution in 1937 and declared
itself a Republic in 1948. Britain responded with the Ireland Act
1949, which claimed exclusive British jurisdiction over the
administration of Northern Ireland. The emergence of the civil
... middle of paper ...
...me's Social Democratic and
Labour Party (SDLP), who had indirectly influenced its outcome through
the New Ireland Forum and who been kept informed of negotiations
through contact with the Irish Government.
Opposition to the Agreement emanated from traditional nationalists, or
republicans, in both parts of Ireland, primarily Sinn Féin (SF) and
Fianna Fáil (FF), and most vehemently, from the unionist politicians
and population of Northern Ireland. Breakaway terrorist groups such
as the Real IRA haven't agreed with the IRA's ceasefire.
They have carried on bombing in places like Omagh and London.
But on 28 July 2005 the IRA released a very important statement,
saying that they were giving up violence for good.
They also promised to destroy all their weapons and told all their
members to stop fighting as well.
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