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Why so Much Crime is Committed in Urban Areas Essay

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Why so Much Crime is Committed in Urban Areas

Crime in urban areas has been on the increase since the 1950s, why?
What has happened to cause crime to become almost an accepted part of
inner city life? There are plenty of crime figures available for
every city in the world, but reading numbers from a list does not
explain why more crimes are being committed, to try to understand we
have to look at what has changed in urban communities and how these
changes have affected the people that live there.

Most urban areas have always been predominately working class with
low-grade housing and low wages, where communities had enjoyed a
strong bond as people worked together in factories and mills, whole
generations grew up working in the same place as their parents and
friends. As the economy of the country changed, so did the available
work which meant more and more families, were forced to move to other
areas looking for work. This caused a lot of urban areas to turn into
zones of transmission, where people would move into a poor area
looking for work, and those that were successful would work hard and
then move on to a better area with better housing. Unfortunately,
this meant that the less successful families stayed within one area
causing an ever-growing state of physical deterioration.

With growing poverty and communities full of people that did not know
each other, it led to a state of social disorganisation where the
normal types of informal control to limit deviant behaviour could not
be established. This in turn led to the formation of sub cultures,
with youth’s from these areas banding together in the search of some
form...


... middle of paper ...


...stop the increase or possibly even added to
the increase in crime, economical where the changing trends in the
economy of the country has taken industry and wealth from urban areas,
and community because of the constant shift of residents through the
zone of transition led to a state of social disorganisation. It would
be easy to point the finger if there was only one thing that had
changed over time, but the more we study crime, the more theories on
the causes of crime emerge. What we must not do is pick an easy
option and not look at the effects that everything else might have on
crime in urban areas.

Bibliography

Sunday Times Scotland Minister decides denial is the best policy for
fighting crime.

September the 25th 2005

Sunday Times Garda look at building better communities. December 17th
2004


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