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Sociology and Globalisation Essay

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Many historians and sociologists have identified a transformation in the economic processes of the world and society in recent times. There has been an extensive increase in developments in technology and the economy as a whole in the twentieth century. Globalization has been recognized as a new age in which the world has developed into what Giddens identifies to be a “single social system” (Anthony Giddens: 1993 ‘Sociology’ pg 528), due to the rise of interdependence of various countries on one another, therefore affecting practically everyone within society.

In this essay I will give a detailed explanation of what sociologists mean by the term ‘globalisation’ and how they have tried to explain it.

Globalisation can be construed in many ways. Many sociologists describe it as an era in which national sovereignty is disappearing as a result of a technological revolution, causing space and time to be virtually irrelevant. It is an economic revolution, which Roland Robertson refers to in his book ‘Globalisation’ 1992 pg 8, as “the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole”. It is argued that globalisation allows the world to become increasingly more united, with people more conscious of ethnic, societal, civilizational and individual aspects of their lives.

When exploring the topic of globalisation, sociologists have
categorised the

term into three components, economic, political and cultural
globalisation.

They have done this in order explain what it means. I have aimed
within this

essay to explain all three types of globalisation in order to answer
the essay

question. I intend to concentrate mainly on the economic an...


... middle of paper ...


...e” them (Marsh, ‘Making Sense of Society’, 2000 pg
487).

What we can understand on the whole, is what sociologists mean by the
term

globalisation is that it is a profound, dynamic process which is
affecting the

world immensely. It seems from what I have examined so far about

globalisation that there may come a time eventually, when a world

government comes into existence, where international inequalities will
always

remain and where social conflict will always be active. This is
because the

policies that drive the globalisation process are largely focussed on
the needs

of business. Globalisation is a continuing process which needs to be
managed

wisely. It is a crucial development which has and always will cause
significant

social changes within society and the world as a whole.


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