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Strategies of the Cold War Essay

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Strategies of the Cold War

A picture of a nuclear bomb shows the dangers these two powers - the
USA and USSR are facing. A nuclear bomb can cause huge damage and
destroy vast areas, entire cities can be wiped away. While both powers
have access to such destructive power there is a real danger of this
happening. The USSR have bombs sited just 90 miles from mainland USA
and the USA have nuclear bases in Turkey, near the Russian borders.

The arms race escallated, each power developed more powerful weapons.
Russia first developed the intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM),
capable ofdestroying targets from a long distance away. The USA in
turn developed nuclear Polaris missiles in 1959, these are shown in
the source.

Polaris missiles were a real threat to the USSR. They could be
launched underwater which made them invisible to radar systems and
they had the destructive power of a nuclear bomb. This gave the USA an
advantage in the arms race.

Fidel Castro had a manifesto in which he aimed to "sort problems
concerning land, industrialisation, housing, unemployment and health".
He also wanted money earnt by Cuba to stay in that country and his
country to be free of American influence. The Bay of Pigs incident was
the result of his beliefs and it ties in with the Cuban Missile Crisis
extract.

The revolution starting in Cuba is shown in the extract by John
Grifffiths. Castro`s success in Cuba caught America by surprise. His
manifesto offered the people of Cuba the things they wanted. America
responded to Castro`s rise to power by helpinga------------ group,
hoping this would put Castro in his place. The Bay of Pigs Incident ...


... middle of paper ...


...ved
Kennedy`s apearance to the USA and Western World and how well he
controlled the situation. Howarth also states that both leaders were
close to destroying each other and a "hot line" was created for future
emergencies after the 13 Day incident.

I do not believe contempory reports were correct in regarding Kennedy
as the saviour of the Western World. J.M.Roberts` source seems the
most accurate when he states that President Kennedy used other
people`s strategies and then took the credit for their success. The
President`s own brother did the majority of the negotiating with
Khruschev although it was credited to the president. Khruschev sent
all the letters and made the personal sacrifice of power and allies to
resolve the situation and avoid nuclear war. He forfitted personal
pride to reach a peaceful conclusion.


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