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Essay about Causes, Effects and Possible Solutions to Global Warming

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The Causes, Effects and Possible Solutions to Global Warming


Global warming is a problem that threatens the whole world. Though it
has had little noticeable impact on the world so far, its potential
impact could be disastrous which is why global warming has become an
issue ever present in the media and for governments. Global warming is
not a new phenomenon. The sun warms the Earth's surface and to stop it
over-heating the heat energy is radiated back through the atmosphere
and into space. Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, CFC's and
nitrogen oxides trap some of this heat thereby warming the lower
atmosphere, which in turn warms the Earth's surface. This is the
'greenhouse effect' and is essential to life, as without it the earth
would be so cold it would be uninhabitable. However global warming is
attributed to the greenhouse effect as the increase in greenhouse
gases being released into the atmosphere by humans slowly warm the
Earth, potentially changing the world's climate causing sea levels to
rise and land to be flooded.

The evidence clearly shows a steady increase in world temperature
since 1980. Before this time the temperature had fluctuated, though
generally rising and the average 30 temperature between 1961 to 1990
was 14°C. However the most dramatic increases in temperature have been
in the nineties where every year has had a higher temperature than
this average. Over the past 100 years the average global temperature
has risen by 0.5°C. The increase in temperature has a positive
correlation with the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Since the industrial revolution the total cumulative carbon emissions
...


... middle of paper ...


...rget for reducing emissions
and in doing so will be able to trade 'carbon credits' with other
countries which could be worth as much as £100m. However the reduction
in emissions of 12.5% is though by environmentalists to be too small
and that the target should be nearer 60%. The effects of CFC's are
well known and the use of them in manufacturing is decreasing and may
eventually be banned. New environmentally friendly fuels have been
developed and now cars can be run on gas.

However, it has never been proved that greenhouse gases are the main
cause of global warming though scientists have yet to discover if
anything else is to blame. In the meantime, governments work on the
basis that they are to blame and if global warming is to be slowed
down then more policies on greenhouse gas emissions need to be
introduced.


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