Preview
Preview

The Evolution of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay

:: 15 Works Cited
Length: 2531 words (7.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The Evolution of Euthanasia

 
   This essay will investigate the evolution of the practice of euthanasia in the one country that has promoted it steadfastly for some years. The surprising result of my studies for this essay is the revelation that the Netherlands' practice of euthanasia has become so liberalized that it is no longer recognizable as the same program that was originally legislated.

 

Euthanasia in the Netherlands has gone from requiring terminal illness to no physical illness at all, from physical suffering to depression only, from conscious patients to unconscious, from those who can consent to those who cannot, and from being a measure of last resort to one of early intervention. Although respect for patient autonomy is the main ethical argument in favor of euthanasia, power has passed almost exclusively into doctors' hands. Patient autonomy has been subverted by the unprecedented rights given by the courts to doctors to decide the fate of patients.

 

The public era of euthanasia in the Netherlands began in 1973, [1] when two significant events occurred. A government commission reported that the ban on active euthanasia should remain, and a doctor, after admitting killing her sick mother who wanted to die, was found guilty, and given a suspended sentence. Evidence was tendered that she had only done what was already commonly, though unofficially, done by many doctors. The court announced several conditions which, in its view, would justify the active killing of a patient.

In 1981 and 1983, two courts reached similar conclusions.

 

A State Commission on Euthanasia decided in 1982, [2] that 'a doctor who terminates the life of a patient at the latter's expressed and serious desir...


... middle of paper ...


...t of The Remmelink Report and the van der Maas Study in Euthanasia, in Euthanasia, Clinical Practice and the Law. Ed Gormally L. The Linacre Centre 1994. p 219-240.

12. Id. p 230.

13. Pijnenborg L, van der Maas PJ, van Delden JJM, Looman CWN. Life terminating acts without explicit request of patient. Lancet 1993; 341: 1196-1199.

14. Van Delden JJM, Pijnenborg L, van der Maas PJ. The Remmelink Report; Two Years Later. Hastings Cent Rep 1993; Nov/Dec 24-27.

15. Fenigsen R. The Netherlands; New Regulations Concerning Euthanasia. Issues Law Med 1993; 9: 167-171.

16. Id. p 170.

17. van der Wal G, van der Maas PJ, Bosma JM, Onwuteaka-Philipsen BD, Willems DL et al. Evaluation of the Notification Procedure for Physician-Assisted Death in the Netherlands. New Eng J Med. 1996; 335: 1706-1711.

18. Mark Ludlow. Canberra Times. 17 November 1996.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide are Murder Essay - Assisted Suicide is Murder   "If suicide is a right, then it is one that has remained undiscovered throughout the ages by the great thinkers in law, ethics, philosophy and theology. It appears nowhere in the Bible or the Koran or the Talmud. Committing suicide wasn't a "right" a thousand years ago, and it isn't one now. That's why most societies, including our own, have passed laws against it" (Callahan, pg. 71). Assisted suicide is murder. In all of history, "there are only three circumstances that have been an acceptable way for taking a life: killing in self-defense or in protection of another life, killing in war, and in the case of capital punishment, killing by agents of the state....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 5 Works Cited
1004 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Debate Continues - Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Debate Continues        "This could never be a crime in any society which deems itself enlightened." So said Jack Kevorkian on CBS's "60 Minutes" on November 22, on a segment showing the first nationally televised death by euthanasia in the U.S.   Kevorkian offered the footage to CBS to dramatize his campaign for euthanasia for terminally and chronically ill patients. The film shows him giving a lethal injection in September to 52-year-old Thomas Youk, who had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 12 Works Cited
1772 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia are Moral and Ethical Essay - Euthanasia is Moral and Ethical        There has been much debate in recent American society over the legality and morality of a patients right-to-die.  Current legal statue prohibits any form of euthanasia, however, there are many moral and ethical dilemmas concerning the controversy.  For the purposes of this essay, I will define euthanasia as the implementation of a decision that a person's life will come to an end before it need stop.  In other words, it is a life ending when it would otherwise be prolonged.  There is an important distinction between voluntary euthanasia where the decision to terminate life coincides with the individuals wishes and involuntary...   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide] 1608 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Are Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Ethical? Essay - Is Euthanasia Ethical?          Euthanasia is one of the most acute and uncomfortable contemporary problems in medical ethics.  Is Euthanasia Ethical?  The case for euthanasia rests on one main fundamental moral principle: mercy.         It is not a new issue; euthanasia has been discussed-and practised-in both Eastern and Western cultures from the earliest historical times to the present.  But because of medicine's new technological capacities to extend  life, the problem is much more pressing than it has in the past, and both the discussion and practice of euthanasia are more widespread....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide] 1611 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on The Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Movement -     This essay will present in detail and with documentation the formation and growth and stated goals of the euthanasia movement in our country.   The Euthanasia Society of America was formed in 1938 with the aim of proposing legislation to allow active voluntary euthanasia. Three past presidents and one treasurer also favored involuntary, active euthanasia, according to Yale Kamisar in Euthanasia and the Right to Death. In 1967 the society's name was changed to the Euthanasia Educational Council and it officially supported voluntary, passive euthanasia....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 6 Works Cited
2299 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Evolution of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay - The Evolution of Euthanasia      This essay will investigate the evolution of the practice of euthanasia in the one country that has promoted it steadfastly for some years. The surprising result of my studies for this essay is the revelation that the Netherlands' practice of euthanasia has become so liberalized that it is no longer recognizable as the same program that was originally legislated.   Euthanasia in the Netherlands has gone from requiring terminal illness to no physical illness at all, from physical suffering to depression only, from conscious patients to unconscious, from those who can consent to those who cannot, and from being a measure of last resort to one of early inte...   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 15 Works Cited
2531 words
(7.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Euthanasia, Physician-assisted Suicide and Our Aged and Frail Population - Euthanasia, Physician-assisted Suicide and Our Aged and Frail Population Is the attitude of  Americans toward the old and frail evolving into the attitude indicated in the following episode. In Indiana, a nurse suspected of killing as many as 100 people is on trial, charged in the deaths of seven elderly patients. Orville Lynn Majors Jr., 38, began serving as a licensed practical nurse in a Clinton, Indiana hospital in 1993; months later, other nurses observed an abnormally high death rate in the hospital's intensive care unit whenever Majors was on duty....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 6 Works Cited
1290 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Nice Words for Murder - Increasingly, in the courts and the media and in conversation, we are hearing about euthanasia and the so-called "right to die." It's time we all are fully informed about what is going on, and what the appropriate response should be. Euthanasia is not a future problem. It is a present problem. It is happening now and becoming increasingly accepted. And we are asleep, not realizing that the road we are on will lead to the massive elimination of the elderly and "incompetent," and anyone else considered to be a burden to society....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide] 2066 words
(5.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay - Euthanasia Should Not be Legalized - Euthanasia Should Not be Legalized      "It is conceivable, that life can deteriorate to the point where persons lose their dignity and self-respect and are unable to communicate; life in such a form no longer meets meets the basic criteria of human- ness."  (O'Keefe, A1)  Under these circumstances only should Euthanasia be practiced and then only passively ("pulling the plug").  "Dutch Death", Euthanasia, doctor assisted suicide, whatever you want to call it, it should not be legalized....   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 3 Works Cited
794 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Euthanasia Essay - The Immorality of Physician Assisted Suicide - Euthanasia: the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit, a highly controversial subject.  Assisted suicide: Someone provides an individual with the information, guidance, and means to take his or her own life. When a doctor helps another person to kill themselves it is called "physician assisted suicide" (Euthanasia.com 1).  This widely debated topic of assisted suicide is immoral and unethical in today's standards.  Most people who commit suicide or wish to commit suicide are mentally ill and make impaired judgments.  Many of those who wish to commit suicide are really just reaching out for help, and disorders such as depression, w...   [tags: Euthanasia Physician Assisted Suicide]
:: 6 Works Cited
1115 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]