My Account
Preview
Preview

Essay on Durkheim Is Dead! Macro vs. Micro Beliefs

No Works Cited
Length: 768 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Orange      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

I have grouped the sociologists in Durkheim is Dead into three groups: macro to micro, micro and macro, and micro to macro. I did not place any one of the individuals into just the macro or just the micro categories. Each one fell into a group that I considered to be in-between.

In the macro to micro category, each sociological theory concentrated on one major problem of society and then went on to explain what would have to be done within individuals in order to achieve social progress. Durkheim's focus was upon the division of labor being the primary cause of social problems (Berger 123). For Du Bois, the concentration was on racial issues; "I have faith in the power of freedom and democracy to lead these peoples to higher levels of... progress. I see race, not class, as the fundamental cause of the problems societies have faced over the centuries" (Berger 120). Falling also into the macro to micro category were Lenin and B. Webb. Lenin focuses on the exploitation of the working class as a whole, while Webb concentrated on criminal behavior connected to poverty and poor people as an entire group. The sociologists in this category tended towards focusing on the society as a whole, with the occasional correlation to the individual as the focal point; each theorist was concentrated on groups of individuals more so than the individual. Durkheim's idea was that suicide was more of a reflection of the society within which the individual lives, than it was a reflection of the individual. Durkheim did research linking suicides and communities. He found that "organic societies - those characterized by weak links between people and the breakdown of a sense of community" had higher rates than communities that were lin...


... middle of paper ...


...er 94). There isn't much on Du Bois, Lenin and B. Webb; however, they are focused upon studying society as whole, and large groups as a whole, such as the working class, the African Americans, and the Poor, and how those groups affect social progress.

I find myself agreeing most with Simmel in the sense that the individual determines society and the society determines the individual. Because the other groups fall into places in-between micro and macro (the micro to macro arrow and macro to micro arrow on Giddens' model of structuration) the best compromise seems to be a combination, micro and macro structuration. Sociology, in my opinion, is just simply the study of interactions between individuals and groups within society.

*The only text cited is from the book "Durkheim is Dead! Sherlock Holmes is Introduced to Sociological Theory" by Arthur Asa Berger.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
A Comparison of Micro and Macro Songs Essay - Sociology, as a practice, can be applied to almost every human exchange. The realm of lyrical song is no different, offering numerous venues for sociological perspectives to be expressed by the artist(s) about the shared environment around them. For the purposes of exemplifying the possible connections which can be made in this context we chose two unique songs: “Prayer of the Refugee” by Rise Against and “The Dreaming Tree” by the Dave Matthews Band. In the following examination, both songs demonstrate the diverse principles of the sociological perspective on a macro and micro level, respectively....   [tags: Music Analysis ]
:: 2 Works Cited
1498 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Macro and Micro Economic Factors that Influence Plant Activity - This paper will first discuss factors that describe and analyze the macro- and micro-economic factors that could directly or indirectly influence plant operations here at ABC Complete Kitchens. Next, it will explain legal considerations that our organization must be prepared for, which are also relative to obtaining credit, having reliable market conditions, and avoiding product liability Capital Investment One of the most important concerns to our organization is capital investment. By investing profits back into our machinery we can stay competitive by increase productivity....   [tags: Business]
:: 4 Works Cited
1312 words
(3.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Micro and Macro Economics Essay - Economics is basically the understanding of how different economies function. Economics is the study of how to best allocate scarce resources among competing uses. Scarcity in the economy is the main problem. There are not enough resources to keep up with the demand for them. Within the discipline of economics, there are two areas of study: Micro and Macro Economics. Microeconomics is the study of an individual economy, or of the different segments within the larger economy, while macroeconomics is the study of aggregate economic behavior, or the economy as a whole(Madura 103)....   [tags: Economics Essays] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Differences in Macro and Micro Level Theories Essay - There are many differences between macro and micro-level theories. Micro-level focuses on individuals and their interactions. For example the relationship between adult children and their parents, or the effect of negative attitudes on older people. Some criticize on micro-level theories becuase they focus on what older people do rather than on social conditionsand policies that cuase them to act the way they do. Macro-level focuses more upon social structure, social processes and problems, and their interrelationships....   [tags: Sociology, Relationships] 317 words
(0.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Analysis Macro And Micro Environment Of IBM - Introduction (Graphics Not Available) The world has grown increasingly complex, resulting from the greater interdependence among world economies (Thompson, 2002). Successful organization is largely determined by how well the organization adjusts all its tangible and intangible properties to keep itself on track with its surrounding (Armenakes & Bedeian, 1999). Strategy was concerned to manage firm’s activities and resources to the environment in which it operates. This essay will analyse the micro and macro external environment in the part five years (2000 to 2006) of IBM Company by using PESTEL and five forces model to analyse in the first part....   [tags: IBM Business Analysis] 1765 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Issue of Slavery on a Micro and Macro Level Depicted in Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn - Slavery is a gripping issue that can be viewed through an individual's experiences or through the general experiences of all those affected. The book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain does just that. Readers see a micro perspective through Jim's experiences and a macro perspective through the constant illustrations of slavery throughout the book. Twain examines the issue of Southern slavery in his novel from a macro and micro perspective in that he compares and contrasts Jim's personal experiences such as being viewed as property, the desire for freedom, and his compassionate feelings to those of other slaves in general....   [tags: adventures of huckleberry finn]
:: 1 Works Cited
1386 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about The Social Causes of Suicide and Durkheim's Theory - Durkheim was a functionalist, and theorised that a holistic social narrative could be identified which would explain individual behaviour. He argued that, whilst society was made up of its members, it was greater than the sum of its parts, and was an external pressure that determined the behaviour of the individuals within it. At that time, suicide rates in Europe were rising, and so the causes of suicide were on the agenda. Since suicide is seen as an intrinsically personal and individual action, establishing it as having societal causes would be a strong defence for Durkheim’s functionalist perspective....   [tags: Sociology, Suicide, Durkheim, ] 1907 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Investigating What Macro-sociological Approaches and Micro-sociological Approaches Tells Us About Student Under-achievement in School - Investigating What Macro-sociological Approaches and Micro-sociological Approaches Tells Us About Student Under-achievement in School Macro-sociology approaches offer explanations for social phenomena in terms of the way in which social systems work as a whole. Micro-sociology gives explanations in terms of how people make things happen by interpreting their experience and acting on their interpretations. Macro-sociology divides into consensus and conflict approaches. The former view society as similar to the human body, where everyone functions together to enable society to work well....   [tags: Papers] 854 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Biography of Emile Durkheim Essay - Biography of Emile Durkheim Emile Durkheim was born in the eastern French province of Lorraine on April 15, 1858. He was the s on of a rabbi and descending from a long line of rabbis, he decided early that he would follow the family tradition and become a rabbi himself. He studied Hebrew, the Old Testament, and the Talmud, while following the regular course of in secular schools. He soon turned away from all religious involvement, though purposely not from interest in religious phenomena, and became a freethinker, or non-believer....   [tags: Papers] 660 words
(1.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Macro-Environmental Analysis - In analyzing the macro-environment, it is important to identify the factors that might in turn affect a number of vital variables that are likely to influence the organization's supply and demand levels and its costs (Kotter and Schlesinger, 1991; Johnson and Scholes, 1993). The "radical and ongoing changes occurring in society create an uncertain environment and have an impact on the function of the whole organization" (Tsiakkiros, 2002). A number of checklists have been developed as ways of cataloguing the vast number of possible issues that might affect an industry....   [tags: Economics Macro Analysis Research Paper] 1056 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]