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Comparing Shakespeare's Sonnet 18 with To his Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell

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Comparing Shakespeare's Sonnet 18 with To his Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell


I will be comparing two poems, ‘Shall I Compare Thee…?’ with ‘To His
Coy Mistress’, I will examine the purposes of each poem and the
techniques used by the two poets to convey ideas and to achieve
purposes. Sonnet 18 was written by William’s Shakespeare between 1564
and 1616. The poem ‘To his Coy Mistress’ was written by Andrew
Marvell.

The Purposes of the two poems are different, the purpose of Sonnet 18
is for Shakespeare to write this poem for a girl or woman he likes, to
praise her by comparing her to wonderful things in life, such a
Summer, also to grant her immortality through lines of the poem;
meaning as long as the poem will exist and be read, the girl (who the
poem is to) will continue to exist. Shakespeare therefore does not
want anything from the girl in the poem. The purpose and central
message of ‘To His Coy Mistress’ is about a man wanting to have sex
with a woman he likes and trying to persuade the woman to loose her
virginity to him because time is running out. Therefore we recognise
that Marvell wants something from the woman in the poem this makes the
poem more argumentative.

The titles of the two poems, gives an insight of what the poem is
about, ‘Shall I Compare Thee…?’, this tells the reader that the poem
is addressed to someone, this may make the poem more interesting to
read and ‘To His Coy Mistress’ meaning ‘To His Girl’, this tells us
that Marvell has addressed the poem to a specific girl or woman.

Throughout the poem ‘To His Coy Mistress’, Marvell uses time and space
to persuade the girl to have sex with him. Marvell also relates death
to having sex, he uses words such as ‘Grave’, ‘ashes’, ‘du...


... middle of paper ...


...he poem ‘To his Coy Mistress’ there are Rhyming couplets, but
there are few syllable Patterns, for example the first four lines;
line one has eight syllables; line two has seven syllables; line three
has eight syllables and line four has seven syllables.

The sound and Rhythm of the two poems contrast. Sonnet 18 sound and
rhythm is slow, calm, and soothing, whilst THCM is speedy, aggressive
and frantic. There is repetition used in Sonnet 18 in line two;

‘Thou art more lovely and more temperate’

, the repetition emphasises on how much better a Summer’s day is.

I think that Sonnet 18, has many persuasive techniques and tactics to
add effect to the purpose of the poem, however I think that the poem
‘To his Coy Mistress’ has more techniques, tactics, themes, Imagery,
Symbolism and better Structure, it was therefore easier to achieve
it’s purposes.



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