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Essay about Child Labor Around the World

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Child Labor Around the World


Child Labor in Mexico

Eight to eleven million children under the age of fifteen work in Mexico. There is a small number under fourteen. The children are employed in export oriented maquiladoras, or assembly factories between Mexico and the United States. Maquilas are affiliates of American owned companies that assemble goods for export, transportation equipment, electrical and electric products, toys , sporting goods, textiles and furniture. The work force is made up of mostly young females. The maquilas like to use children because it is really easy to get underage work and the owners do not have to pay the children that much.

Most of the girls start just between minimum age, between tweleve and fifteen years old. They either lie about their age or provide a false birth certificate. There are very harsh conditions- overtime, night shifts, exposure to hazardous material, mostly in glue used to attach the soles of shoes.

Child Labor in India

India is the largest number of urban and rural workers in the world. Seventeen and a half million child workers are acknowledged by the government of India. The estimation of child labor is between forty four million and one hundred million children. The export industries are hand- knotted carpets, gemstone polishing, brass and base metal articles, glass and glassware, footwear, textiles, silk and fireworks.

Hand Knotted Carpets

The hand knotted carpets are exported mostly to the United States and Germany. The children work in almost every stage: sorting, knotting , cutting, washing and dying. Rear sheep, roll yarn into balls, string looms and bind carpets are some of the things that the children do. ...


... middle of paper ...


... 3. Measuring finished hides

Hazards

Many health hazards form such as burns, intoxication, fumigation, injuries, fractures, amputations (fingers in machines), and bad vision from bad lighting. They work nine hours a day for six to seven days a week.

WORKS CITED

- Chang, Alice. "International Labor Organization: Child Labor".
http://apollo.gse.ucl.edu/chsmun/ILO.HTML (April 5, 1998)

- "Columbia". http://www.dol.gov/dol/ilab/public/media/reports/sweat/columbia.htm
(February 9, 1998).

- "India". http://www.dol.gov/dol/ilab/public/media/reports/sweat/india.htm (February
9, 1998).

- "Mexico" .http://www.dol.gov/dol/ilab/public/media/reports/sweat/mexico.htm
(February 9, 1998).

- Unicef USA. "Unicef calls for an end to child labor".
http://www.unicefusa.org/issues97/jan97/labor.html (April 5, 1998)


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