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One Hundred Years of Solitude Essay

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“Races condemned to one hundred years of solitude did not have a second opportunity on this earth (Marquez 417),” Gabriel Garcia Marquez makes these powerful last words in One Hundred Years of Solitude ring true. Marquez demonstrates through many examples that human beings cannot exist in isolation. In order for the race to survive, people must be independent. Examples of solitude are found throughout the one hundred year life of the Buendia family and Macondo. Solitude in OHYOS reveals both physical and emotional aspects by being shown individually, geographically, and romantically. Although they have no control over it, the intent of the characters reflects the want to remain alone. Their destiny signifies the forgotten and alone.
OHYOS begins with geographic isolation. Jose Arcadio Buendia shouts, “God damn it! Macondo is surrounded by water on all sides! (Marquez 12).” The idea of Macondo being an island embraces irrelevance. The town illustrates itself cut off from the rest of the world. Ursula and Jose Arcadio Buendia are looking for solitude. By founding Macondo, Jose Arcadio Buendia was escaping from murdering Prudencio Aguilar. Eventually forcing them to retreat, Aguilar’s ghost haunts them.
The family seems to remain very involved within it. Much of this portrays Spanish culture. To find many generations of the same family living in one house demonstrates it not being uncommon in Spanish-speaking countries. The Buendia house always has various relatives within it. By asserting not being the only explanation, the incest of the family criticizes a theme throughout the novel and symbolizes a significant factor in the solitude of this family. The family eventually detaches and isolates because they rarely turn to others ...


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...s unavoidable. Characters like Ursula try to fight the solitude by nurturing social relationships, while Amaranta gives up and accepts solitude. Things like this give more importance to the solitude in the title. The solitude perfectly reflects the colonization that occurred in the 16th century and later in the 19th century after the people is free, they don’t know how and where to use this newfound freedom.
Marquez never fails to surprise with his humor, whether it is fat woman eating competitions or balancing beer bottles on penises. The understanding of the context becomes a minor detail when appreciating the beauty and while there are many questions in OHYOS that require answers, Marquez succeeds to give it in his Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, “Races condemned to One Hundred Years of Solitude will have, at last and forever, a second opportunity on this earth.”



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