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Naming Alcohols in Chemistry Essay

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In chemistry, an alcohol is in the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. In particular, this carbon center should be saturated, having single bonds to three other atoms. Important alcohols are the simple acyclic alcohols. Of those, ethanol (C2H5OH) is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, and in common speech the word alcohol refers specifically to ethanol. When it comes to alcohol reactions the functional group of the alcohols is the hydroxyl group –OH. Unlike the alkyl halides, this group has two reactive covalent bonds, the C–O bond and the O–H bond. The electronegativity of oxygen is greater than carbon and hydrogen. The covalent bonds of this functional group are polarized so that oxygen is electron rich and both carbon and hydrogen are electrophilic. The dipolar nature of the O–H bond is such that alcohols are stronger acids than alkanes, and nearly that much stronger than ethers, oxygen substituted alkanes that do not have an O–H group. The most reactive site in an alcohol molecule is the hydroxyl group, despite the fact that the O–H bond strength is significantly greater than that of the C–C, C–H and C–O bonds, showing the difference between thermodynamic and chemical stability (Chemistry).
In order to name the alcohols the same method used for the alkanes is used here too. In order to determine the parent chain the parent chain must be the longest that includes the carbon holding the OH group. The second step for alcohol naming would be to number according to the end closest to the -OH group regardless of where alkyl substituents are. The third step in naming alcohols would be the location of branch, to branch name, to locations of OH group, and then to the parent chain. Then the final s...


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...l, and to 2 propanol. Every type of alcohol has a use to use whether it is to fuel our vehicle, smell good, or clean things they are all very important to us. Methanol is one alcoholic name that we have all come to know thanks to our vehicles. Now days there are cars that can run on mostly ethanol and it is cheaper than gasoline in price. Even when we are pumping gasoline into our car there are labels that says that the gasoline that is being used can contain up to ten percent of ethanol in it. Alcohol naming has a good amount of steps to it and when they are changed and differences are made a new kind of alcohol can be made. Naming alcohols isn’t something that we all will have the knowledge to do, but it feels nice to know that you are among that percentage. Alcohols are very important to our economy and to many other things that we may not even know we are using.



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