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Essay on The Most Common Types of Learning Disabilities

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Throughout this course, we have discussed a lot about the different types of learning disabilities that are present. One of the most common types of learning disabilities is called dyslexia. Within this writing, we shall discuss what dyslexia is, causes of this learning disability, the different types of dyslexia, the types of signs one can look for to identify a possibility of this learning disability, areas of life this learning disability affects, strategies to cope with this learning disability, strengths of this learning disability and some interesting facts and statistics.
The definition of Dyslexia has been changing for a long time. For example, in the 1920’s dyslexia was defined as a type of defect in the visual system which lead for people with dyslexia to be unable to read (NINDS, 1996). Another example was in 1968, The World Federation of Neurologists defined dyslexia as a type of disorder which children despite conventional classroom experience, fail to attain the language skills of reading, writing and spelling commensurate with their intellectual abilities (Perlstein, 2013). The more correct definition of dyslexia based on the U.S National Institutes of Health is that it is a learning disability that can hinder a person’s ability to read, write, spell and sometimes speak (Perlstein, 2013). To explain further, if there are abnormalities such as ectopias in the cytoarchitectonic structure of neocortical regions in the postmortem brain, there is a relatively higher chance of dyslexia developing (
Even though we all now know that dyslexia is a type of learning disability which affects one’s reading, writing, spelling and speaking skills. It is still important to know the possible causes of dyslexia. There are thre...


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...ebruary 22, 2014, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/magnocellular
Moura, O., Simões, M. R., & Pereira, M. (2013). WISC-III Cognitive Profiles in Children with Developmental Dyslexia: Specific Cognitive Disability and Diagnostic Utility. Dyslexia, 20(1), N/a-N/a. Retrieved February 20, 2014, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/doi/10.1002/dys.1468/full
Perlstein, D. (2013, December 02). Dyslexia Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Types, Diagnosis and Treatment - MedicineNet. MedicineNet. Retrieved February 20, 2014, from http://www.medicinenet.com/dyslexia/article.htm
Ramus, F. (2003). Theories of developmental dyslexia: Insights from a multiple case study of dyslexic adults. Brain, 126(4), 841-865. doi: 10.1093/brain/awg076
Shaywitz, S. E. (1996). Dyslexia. Scientific American, 275(5), 98-104. doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican1196-98



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