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More After School Programs in California Essay

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In most schools around California there are some kind of after school activities going on. After-school activities are usually sports or academic related. The kids have fun playing with other kids and are able to get help on their homework. Robert Halpern states that these activities started cropping up in the late nineteenth century after the decline of child labor and growth of education (179). At first theses programs were just individual men and women in a storefront or church letting kids play board games and relax. Individuals and churches mostly funded them, but starting in the late 20th century they started to grow and receive funding from many other places. Until recently the amount of after-school activities provided were growing. With the lack of funding and cost of these activities many schools are cutting back and the first thing to go is these activities. The poor Inner-city schools are taking most of the punishment from this lack of funding. Also the inner city is dangerous place for the kids to be unsupervised. Halpern states “Childhood in the inner-city is increasing marked by chronic but unpredictable physical danger” (218). These kids need a place after-school to develop and grow that is free from discrimination and violence. I believe that inner-city schools in California should offer more after-school activities because extracurricular activities help reduce juvenile crime rates, help students develop social skills more quickly, and help students boost their morale.
The best way to reduce juvenile crime in the Inner cities is to implement more after school activities. According to the Juvenile Crimes and Offenders: 1999 National Report, the amount of juvenile violence peaks in the afterschool hours on scho...


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... Study Of An After-School Program For Youth In A High-Risk Environment." Journal Of Park & Recreation Administration 26.2 (2008): 95-114. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.


Halpern, Robert. "The Role Of After-School Programs In The Lives Of Inner-City Children: A Study Of The "Urban Youth Network." Child Welfare 71.3 (1992): 215-230. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.

United States. U.S. Department of Education. A Different Kind Of Child Development Institution: The History of After-School Programs for Low-Income Children. ERIC – Education Resources Information Center. Institute of Education Sciences. 2002. 18 January 2014.


United States. U.S. Department of Justice. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report – Chapter 3. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Office of Justice Programs, September 1999. Web. 16 January 2014



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