Preview
Preview

Moral Realism's Indispensability Argument Essay

No Works Cited
Length: 1969 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

There are many arguments for moral realism, one of which is presented by David Enoch, who posits a unique explanation of how normative truths can exist. He argues for moral realism by using his Indispensability Argument, which explains the necessity of normative facts in deliberation. I will argue that Enoch’s claim is valid in that it fairs well against opposition, however it shows weakness by not addressing moral subjectivity.
To begin, David Enoch defends moral realism using his Indispensability Argument. Firstly, Enoch argues that universally objective and irreducible normative (and by extension moral) truths do exist, or at the very least people are justified in believing in them. His argument for their existence encompasses the idea that normative truths are indispensable to human deliberation and decision making. That is to say, when people are deliberating they make reference to these universal normative truths, about what they ought and not ought to do in certain situations. This type of deliberation is separate from such acts as simply “picking” or following something such as desire, although both have phenomenal characteristics. Picking, he argues, is more or less like making an arbitrary decision, such as which flavor of chips to buy. However, deliberation is different, wherein it aims to make the “right” or “correct” decision, which is why it is related to morality. An example of this might be something as simple as figuring out which bus gets from point A to point B faster, which involves there being a correct answer, as well as something more complex, such as whether one should lie to his/her friend in order to protect them from emotional pain. Basically, intuitively, people tend to feel what the “right” and “...


... middle of paper ...


...argument for moral realism is strong, however, as he says, it leaves room for improvement. In separating deliberating from other kinds of decision making, and then showing how normative facts meet the criterion of indispensability, he easily meets Harman’s challenge. Additionally, he refutes what I regard as the major objections against him by showing how normative truths can still play a role in deliberation, even when other things such as desires and disbelief are factored in. He also makes a strong case as to why his indispensability argument is better than its alternatives, although some vagueness begins to show in terms of subjective truths. So, overall, it seems that he does a good job of justifying the existence of normative truths by explaining their indispensability to deliberation, however, whether they are objective or not still remains questionable.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay on Moral Twin Earth Argument - My purpose in this essay is to explain and discuss the importance of the “moral twin earth” argument. This theory focuses on the argument first proposed by Hare, which states that in order to have a genuine moral disagreement there needs to be a common understanding of the concept in question. This theory holds importance because it openly refutes Cornell realism, which denies that moral terms, like ‘right’, are synonymous to any non-moral terms that may be part of the properties that ‘right’ picks out; the properties that are attached to moral terms, like ‘right’ are responsible for their usage....   [tags: theory, concept, realism, moral, practice]
:: 3 Works Cited
742 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Moral Realism - Moral Realism In this paper, I examine the connection between judgments of fact and moral judgments in an attempt to discern whether moral judgments are simply a subset of judgments of fact. I will look mostly at an argument posed by many moral realists that takes moral facts to be “supervenient natural facts which are independent of our theorizing about them”1 and in which moral judgments are determined by objective facts which relate to human flourishing or pleasure and pain. I will also, though, take a look at the fact/value gap and determine the effect on the connection between moral judgments and judgments of fact of an attempt to close this gap....   [tags: Judgment Fact Moral Ethics Essays] 2633 words
(7.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Argument Against Moral Relativism Essays - Argument against moral relativism This paper will debate advantages and disadvantages of both moral relativism and deontology. I will argue against moral relativism by showing that deontology gives a better account of our moral intuitions than moral relativism. I will use examples from the film The Ballad of Narayam, and James Rachels’ “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” to illustrate why moral relativism should be rejected, and deontology should be accepted. Moral Relativism Moral relativism takes the position that moral and/or ethical propositions do not reflect universal moral standards....   [tags: deontology, ethics, morality] 1570 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Moral Argument for Existence of God Essay - All moral arguments for the existence of God work on the principle that we all have a shared sense of morality. Despite cultural differences, broadly speaking, humans worldwide have a vague idea of what is right and what is wrong; a moral argument for the existence of God would say that this mutual understanding is proof of God's existence. Immanuel Kant put forward this argument (although, not a moral argument); God as the source of objective morality. Firstly, he addressed the categorical imperative; our own sense of duty, and that being moral was case of following this principle, for example, paying your debts....   [tags: Religion Argument Analysis] 1604 words
(4.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Moral Luck and Internal Justification Essay - Despite his two claims being about morality in general, Williams focuses his argument on cases of internal justification based on internal moral assessments. He claims that whether an agent views himself as justified may depend largely on luck. However, this justification may never be pertinent to external agents, insofar as external agents have no obligation to listen to personal justifications. Notably, Williams isn’t arguing against a particular philosophy but against a common-sense view that morality is both immune from luck and a supreme value....   [tags: WIlliam, arguments, moral assessments]
:: 1 Works Cited
959 words
(2.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Moral Argument for the Existence of God Essay - The Moral Argument for the Existence of God Kant did NOT put forward a moral argument and anyone who said he does is wrong!!!. Kant rejected all attempts to argue from the world to God, he regarded such an exercise as impossible. However he thought that God was a POSTULATE of practical reason. If you share Kant’s assumptions, then it becomes necessary to assume that there is a God. Kant’s reasoning…. --------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. All human beings desire and seek happiness --------------------------------------------- 2....   [tags: Papers] 2030 words
(5.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Realism and Constructivism - The creation of the study of international relations in the early 20th century has allowed multiple political theories to be compared, contrasted, debated, and argued against one another for the past century. These theories were created based on certain understandings of human principles or social nature and project these concepts onto the international system. They examine the international political structure and thrive to predict or explain how states will react under certain situations, pressures, and threats....   [tags: education, international relations, realism] 1481 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
A Taxonomy of Moral Realism Essay - A Taxonomy of Moral Realism ABSTRACT: The realist dispute in ethics has wide implications for moral ontology, epistemology, and semantics. Common opinion holds that this debate goes to the heart of the phenomenology of moral values and affects the way in which we understand the nature of moral value, moral disagreement, and moral reflection. But it has not been clearly demonstrated what is involved in moral realist theory. I provide a framework which distinguishes three different versions of the theory while at the same time showing the interrelations between them....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers] 1621 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Influence of Realism on Literature Essay - Influence of Realism on Literature After World War I, American people and the authors among them were left disillusioned by the effects that war had on their society. America needed a literature that would explain what had happened and what was happening to their society. American writers turned to what is now known as modernism. The influence of 19th Century realism and naturalism and their truthful representation of American life and people was evident in post World War I modernism....   [tags: Literature Realism]
:: 6 Works Cited
2162 words
(6.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Realism, Modality and Truth - Realism, Modality and Truth ABSTRACT: Anti-realists about the past claim that no one has yet manifested a knowledge of the truth of tensed instances of the realist schema '‡ (s is true · there is no evidence for s),' instances such as '‡ ('Caesar crossed the Rubicon' is true · there is no evidence for 'Caesar crossed the Rubicon'). It is true that we cannot decide specific instances of the realist schema and that, consequently, neither our understanding of these instances, nor our knowledge of their truth may be constituted by the recognitional and executive capacities which, according to Michael Dummett's antirealism, constitute grasp of meaning....   [tags: Anti-Realism Realism Logic Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
5546 words
(15.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]