Preview
Preview

Male and female gender constructs Essay

:: 14 Works Cited
Length: 1635 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Our cultural beliefs dictate that there are only two biological sexes corresponding to two genders (Newman, 2001). The male and female constructs often carry with them misconceptions and stereotypes, such as the belief that gender and sex are synonymous or that gender assigned at birth indicates a specific preference for toys, interest, clothes, and eventual erotic attraction (Newman, 2001). Males are expected to exhibit masculine personality traits and be attracted to women while females are expected to exhibit feminine personality traits and be attracted to men. Research in many countries reveals that stereotyping of personality traits increases steadily in middle adolescence, becoming adult like around age 11 (Berk, 2010). For example, children regard “tough”, “aggressive”, “rational”, and “dominant” as masculine and “gentle”, “sympathetic’, and “dependent” as feminine (Berk, 2011). Male and female gender constructs are considered the norm, and any other combination of biological sex, gender, and sexuality is commonly considered unnatural or pathological (Mintz, & O’ Neil, 1990; Newman, 2002).

Despite cultural beliefs, other gender and sexual role combinations are possible. A child whose biological sex is that of a typical female can have a gender identity of a boy and as an adult, this person may self-identify as transgender or transsexual and live as a man Newman, 2001(). On the other hand, a biological male can have a gender identity of a boy/man, be attracted to other men, and identify as gay (Newman, 2001). It is not necessary for people who feel attracted to others of the same gender to express any gender nonconformity (). Gay men can be comfortable in their male bodies and exhibit no gender variant behaviors, just as ...


... middle of paper ...


...dentity disorder: Treatment and post-transition care in transsexual adults. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 18, 147-150.

Gibson, B. & Catlin, A. ( 2011). Care of the child with the desire to change gender: Part 1. Urologic Nursing,31, 222-229.

Berk, L. (2010). Development through the lifespan. Allyn & Bacon: MA.

Vasey, P. & Bartlett, N. (2007). What can the samoan fa’afafine teach us about the western concept of gender identity disorder in childhood? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 50, 481-490.

Mintz, L.B., & O’Neil, M. (1990). Gender roles, sex, and the process of psychotherapy: Many questions and few answers. Journal of Counseling and Development, 68, 381-387.

Newman, L.K. (2001). Sex, gender, and culture: Issues in the definition, assessment, and treatment of gender identity disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 7, 352-359.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Expected Behavior in The Coquette and The Female Marine Essay example - Expected Behavior in The Coquette and The Female Marine   In society, constructs of correctness have been formed on the basis of expected, gendered behavior. Individuals have traditional roles that they play which are based on the historical performance of their gender. Although very rigid, these traditional roles are frequently transferred, resulting in an altered and undefinable identity that exists beyond the boundaries of gender. These transgressions into the neuter role are characterized by a departure from the normal roles of society which, if successful, complete the gender transference and allow the individual to live within a new set of boundaries....   [tags: Coquette Female]
:: 3 Works Cited
1905 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Gender Bias in the English Language - Several studies have been investigating the differences between men and women's use of the English language. The problem with studies of this kind, according to Romaine (1999), is that the differences are taken for truths and no further investigations are made as to why these differences exist. The differences could be a reflection on gender issues in society, or even the cause of them. There is seemingly little argument against the fact that English is male-biased as a construction. When investigating male bias in the English language, a few factors should be taken into consideration: words that are in themselves discriminating, that women are not as visible in the language as men, the conn...   [tags: Language and Gender ]
:: 5 Works Cited
866 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gender Roles in Disney Essay - Media is a powerful agent in entertaining children. It also influences and teaches the youth of society the suitable and appropriate gender roles that they inevitably try to make sense of. The power of media is very influential especially in the minds of the youth. Disney movies target the youth and plant certain ideas and concepts about social culture into the vulnerable minds of children. Media uses gender to its advantage, just like Disney productions. Humorous caricatures reveal some harsh realities about the portrayal of Disney Princesses in many movies made by the Walt Disney Company....   [tags: Gender Studies]
:: 4 Works Cited
2315 words
(6.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Gender Roles in Society Essay - “Boys will be boys, and girls will be girls”: few of our cultural mythologies seem as natural as this one. But in this exploration of the gender signals that traditionally tell what a “boy” or “girl” is supposed to look and act like, Aaron Devor shows how these signals are not “natural” at all but instead are cultural constructs. While the classic cues of masculinity—aggressive posture, self-confidence, a tough appearance—and the traditional signs of femininity—gentleness, passivity, strong nurturing instincts—are often considered “normal,” Devor explains that they are by no means biological or psychological necessities....   [tags: Gender Role Behaviors and Attitudes] 2016 words
(5.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Gender Relations in Religion - CO1001 Compare and contrast the role of religion in any TWO of the novels you have read in this module. In The House of Ulloa and No Way Back, the depiction of religion, defined as “strict fidelity or faithfulness; conscientiousness; devotion to some principle,” greatly differs in gendered representations. For the male and masculine, religion is an asset, earning praise and rewards. For the female and feminine, however, religious fervor often earns derision and causes inner turmoil. The impersonal narratives and “tragicomic” genre examine this bias within the setting....   [tags: Role of Religion, Gender Roles]
:: 14 Works Cited
1269 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Significance of Gender in Media Essay - In a multi-mediated world, societies are bombarded with endless streams of information, the construction of which becomes central to their understanding and perceptions of the world around them. Stories of violence and death are eminently newsworthy, yet as this essay will explore, when combined with sex and sexual deviance, they become an even more dangerous and potent media cocktail. In an attempt to explain female offending, the media engage with leading and common sens notions of femininity and masculinity....   [tags: Female Offenders, Crime]
:: 10 Works Cited
1916 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Sexual Double Standard : How Men and Women Are Perceived According to Their Gender. - From a young age , many individuals worldwide are socialized according to their gender and what is appropriate for males and females. Socializing according to ones gender starts from the moment you are born when the nurses give you either a blue or pink blanket to wrap the child in. This allows society to known whether the child is a male or female. The double standard for gender occurs within many areas of development for instance the clothes one wears, the toys that are placed with, the jobs and careers one chooses in their later life....   [tags: gender socialization]
:: 12 Works Cited
1042 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Social Construction of Gender Essay - Gender is a very strange topic in today's society. Many people don't know what to do with people who are transvestites or transsexuals and they often times hate them because they are different. People always think that there can only be two types of gender: masculine and feminine. People also feel that these genders most always correspond to a person's sex. So if the person is a male, then most people wouldn't accept that person into society if they acted feminine. 'For human beings there is no essential femaleness and maleness, femininity or masculinity, womanhood, or manhood, but once gender is ascribed, the social order constructs and holds individuals to strongly gendered norms and expec...   [tags: gender is socially constructed] 1508 words
(4.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Social Construction of Gender Essay - Social Construction of Gender      Today’s society plays a very important role in the construction of gender. Gender is a type of issue that has raised many questions over the years in defining and debating if both male and female are equal. Today gender is constructed in four different ways. The first way gender is defined is by the family in which a child is raised. Second is the society in which a child interacts; makes friends and enemies. The third is our school system and our board of education....   [tags: Gender Socialization Sex Essays] 1142 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Female Direction of Shakespeare's As You Like It Essays - Female Direction of As You Like It        In As You Like It, Jaques states that "All the world's a stage,/ And all the men and women in it merely players./ They have they're exits and their entrances,/ And one man in his time plays many parts" (II, vii, 138-141). That very well might be true. But if life is a stage traditionally controlled by a man, what parts does that leave for the women of the world. The female answer to this question is that if you don't like your part, change it, and if you don't like the direction, follow someone else....   [tags: Shakespeare As You Like It Essays]
:: 23 Works Cited
1779 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]