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Lack of Freedom Of Speech in Sudan

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The largest country in the African continent is Sudan. The population in the country is more or less 33 million that speaks about 130 languages/dialects. Majority of the people are Africans and Arabs. Even though the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) was endorsed by Sudanese government in 1986 that guaranteed the right to freedom of expression and press in 1998 constitution, there is no actual practice of this right. Sudan is one of the very few countries where media is under heavy restriction and the related personnel are subjected to high control and regulation (Salam & Waal, 2001).
The National Press Council is the supervisory authority that is responsible for issuing licenses and managing/maintaining media. It is required of the newspapers and journalists to verify their licenses with the Council on an annual basis. Thus, it won’t be incorrect to state that it is extremely difficult for an individual to become a reporter/journalist in Sudan as there are various stipulations in the law about who may or may not be employed as a reporter/journalist. It is also very difficult to publish a newspaper in Sudan as there are several other stipulations in the law about what standard must a newspaper have to acquire license and regarding the content that may or may not be reported. The Press also sanctions anyone who fails to comply with the requirements mentioned. The foreign media that wants to visit the country is also liable to get accredited by the NPC. As far as the newspaper advertising is concerned, it is also controlled and allocated by the Government.
The National Security Act is the most dominant limitation on the freedom of expression in the country as it grants the security services the right t...


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...ra that the Sudanese officials respect and give assurance to the Freedom of Expression and rights of people and/or media according to the international standards (Kersch, 2003). The most important thing that needs to be realized by the Sudanese government is that freedom of speech and expression is one of the basic human rights. Therefore, it should not interfere with the people autonomy or media sovereignty.
To cut a long story short, the government, people and media in Sudan must play their effective roles in making the society a better place to live by acting in collaboration with each other. Sudan needs peace and it is only possible when the government will stop unnecessary interference. The world needs more peace and Sudan has to contribute in the achievement of this goal by realizing its responsibilities towards the national and international community.








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