While Rousseau and Locke have differing ideas of what will suffice for a working and fair government system, their works eventually resemble each other in terms of the type of government they believe is ideal. Rousseau’s social contract heavily focuses on the sovereign body and the common good, and in contrast, Locke emphasizes the importance of life, liberty, and property. Locke also incorporates the use of the sovereign body to establish judiciary laws for those who breach the laws that are in accordance to the life, liberty, and property of man; when man is in the natural state, he is not presented with the liberty to morally punish anyone who has taken advantage of any of the preceding. The sovereign body is a key concept in both philosophers works. The sovereig...
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... it is clear that an individual is obligated to follow the law after consenting to transitioning to the civil societal state, ruled by a legitimate government. The works of Rousseau and Locke were both made with aspirations of creating the most functional government that keeps the general will in its best interest. Each philosopher disputes this in a different manner, but produces a contract that shares similar ideologies as the other. Transitioning from the natural state to the civil societal state constitutes the obligation to follow the law in both works and giving consenting to do this is the point in which an individual morally agrees to follow the laws of the social contract, laws which are comprised by the sovereign. A breach of government legitimacy establishes a means for an individual to abandon the social contract and the laws that it encompasses.
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