Jackie Robinson

  • Length: 1467 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Jackie Robinson, born Jack Roosevelt Robinson, is known for being the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball. He was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia as the grandson of a slave. He was the youngest of five children and at six months old his father left them. At this time, because it was so hard for African-Americans in the south, his mother Mallie Robinson decided to move them to Pasadena, California where it was easier for African-Americans to live and find jobs.
At this time Jackie was very into sports so this move made him pretty upset. He played baseball, basketball, football, and ran track while attending the University of California, Los Angeles. He was one of the top players on the football team as well as the only athlete to letter in four different sports. Unfortunately, Jackie left college before getting a chance to graduate due to financial problems but not before meeting his future wife Rachel. After his departure from UCLA he began working for the National Youth Administration at a work camp but it soon closed down and in 1941 he joined the Honolulu Bears, a professional football team in Honolulu, Hawaii.
He was then drafted into the U.S. Army where he was refused admission to the Officer Candidate School. He fought this until he was finally accepted and graduated as a first lieutenant. He was in the Army from 1941 until 1944 and was stationed in Kansas and Fort Hood, Texas. While stationed in Kansas he worked with a boxer named Joe Louis in order to fight unfair treatment towards African-Americans in the military and when training in Fort Hood, Texas he refused to go to the back of the public bus and was court-martialed for insubordination. Because of this he never made it to Europe with his unit and in 1944 he received an honorable discharge.
After his departure from the Army he joined the Kansas City Monarchs, an all African-American baseball team, of the Negro League. Due to low pay and constant traveling, he decided he did not want to make baseball a career although he was one of the top players. Until 1947 only white players were allowed in Major League Baseball but in 1945 Clyde Sukeforth, a scout for Branch Rickey who was the Brooklyn Dodgers club president, had been looking for an African-American player and was watching Jackie for a while.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Jackie Robinson." 123HelpMe.com. 22 May 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
Jackie Robinson Essay examples - Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo. The year Jackie was born was 1919 to a family of farmers. His Mother name is Mallie Robinson. She raised Jackie and four other of her children. They were the only black family around and people gave them a hard time about living around them since they were the only black family on the block. Jackie was the very first black baseball player ever to join the white man’s league. Jackie Robinson started playing baseball in 1947. He was the first player who played in the black man league and joined the white man team....   [tags: Jackie Robinson Essay] 856 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Jackie Roosevelt Robinson's Life and Achievements - “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.” -Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson(Biography.com) On April 15,1947 Jackie Roosevelt Robinson broke the color barrier. When he stepped out on to Ebbets Field everyone didn't think he could last long. Jackie was born in Cairo Georgia on January 31,1919, he was the youngest out of five children. He attended John Muir High School. He continued his education at the University Of California, where he became the university’s first student to win four varsity letters in all different sports....   [tags: negro leagues, jackie robinson, baseball] 1437 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Life of Jackie Robinson Essay example - Jackie Robinson is one of the most famous people ever to live. From football to basketball to track and to baseball, he could do it all; one of the greatest athletes ever. Jackie Robinson played Major League Baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Robinson was a hero both athletically and socially; he was treated awfully but he had the courage to keep going and do what he loves most: baseball. Jackie Robinson had an interesting early life. He was born in Cairo, Georgia but then moved to Pasadena, California....   [tags: biography, Jack Roosevelt Robinson]
:: 4 Works Cited
888 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Jackie Robinson Essay - “The way I figured it” said Jackie Robinson, “I was even with baseball and baseball with me. The game had done much for me, and I had done much for it” (Robinson). Many people will not publically stand up for what they believe in due to fear of retribution. Jackie Robinson stood up for what he believed in even though people didn’t agree with him. Jackie Robinson is still famous today due to his outstanding baseball skills, his love for the game, and breaking the color barrier. Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo Georgia to a family of sharecroppers (“Jackie Robinson” 2)....   [tags: baseball, racism, MLB, african-americans]
:: 9 Works Cited
1725 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Jackie Robinson Essays - Throughout his professional career, Jackie Robinson, received criticism for being the first “black” player to play the game. Not only did Jackie Robinson manage to live up to the criticism, he also changed the face of America’s greatest past time forever. With his entrance into the MLB he opened the path for great black players like Hank Aaron, Roberto Clemente, Willie Mays, and Ozzie Smith just to name a few. In crossing the color-barrier in baseball Robinson not only strived as a great player on the field, but also a inspiration to the black community of the field with his humility, and willingness to move forward in a time where blacks were not considered “equal”....   [tags: Sports, Dodgers, First Black Player] 1764 words
(5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Jackie Robinson - Jackie Robinson was an amazing baseball player during the 40’s and into the 50’s.through baseball he also became an early pioneer of the civil rights movement. His career has been filled with ups and downs but he never lost his focus throughout his life. In this essay we will be discussing Jackie Robinson’s early life, impact on society, and the criticism he went through during his career and his early life. Born in January 31, 1919, in a small town in Georgia called Cairo in the Deep South. He was born into a family of sharecroppers....   [tags: sports, baseball player]
:: 10 Works Cited
936 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Jackie Robinson Essay - Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born January 31, 1919. He was born in Cairo, Georgia and was the youngest of five children. He had a grandfather that was a slave, Jackie’s dad was a sharecropper and Mallie, Jackie’s mother, was a maid. His dad ran away from the family when Jackie was only an infant. Jackie fought racism in his California childhood, at collage and throughout his whole life. During his childhood at California he was always picked on at school. Kids taunted him so much and so badly that he developed a hot temper....   [tags: essays research papers] 973 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Jackie Robinson Essay - Jackie Robinson: Breaking the Color Barrier It&#8217;s April 15, 1947 opening day at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn. Many people have turned out to see one man, the first black person to ever play in major league baseball. He is setting new standards for all blacks now and those to come. His name is Jack Roosevelt Robinson. We all wish him well and hope he can surmount the racial differences. At this time it was unheard of to have a black person treated equally to a white person, more the less it was highly unlikely to have a black person play on the same field as a white person....   [tags: essays research papers] 1173 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Jackie Robinson Essay - Baseball has always been America’s national pastime. In the early and all the way into the mid 50’s, baseball was America and America was baseball. The only thing lacking in the great game was the absence of African American players and the presence of an all white sport. America still wasn’t friendly or accepted the African American race and many still held great prejudice towards them. All this would change when the general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey decided he was going to sign a Negro player....   [tags: essays research papers] 1697 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Jackie Robinson Essay - Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson and integration are two phrases that cannot be segregated. Whether he liked it or not, he played the star role in the integration of society during the time that he played Major League Baseball with the Brooklyn Dodgers. His heroic journey that landed him in the Majors shows, &#8220;how integration has come to baseball and how it can be achieved in every corner of the land'; (Robinson 16). But this amazing triumph over the Jim Crow laws could only have been possible in New York as Robinson says, &#8220;Cooperstown, New York, and Birmingham, Alabama, are both in the Unites States....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1081 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches

Rickey signed Jackie to play for the Dodger's minor league team named the Montreal Royals. Jackie was emotionally tired but he enjoyed and appreciated all the support from the fans in this Canadian city because it was so different from the verbal abuse he had before experienced.
Jackie Robinson was 27 years old with an extremely bad temper when he finally began playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. Rickey went to Jackie with an agreement. He simply asked him to try to control his temper for the first few years and he even called him bad names in which he knew would be yelled Jackie's way in order for him understand the kind of abuse he would be facing. With that, Jackie Robinson agreed and this was the beginning of a very big change in baseball history.
Jackie played his first game on April 15, 1947 playing first base. He played first base for his entire rookie year but most of his career was spent playing second base. There were many games where he also played third base and outfield. Jackie had so far kept his agreement with Rickey until during a game the umpire said to him, "go back to the jungle you little nigger!" when this caused him to punch the umpire in the face. After this incident many of the Dodger players felt uncomfortable playing with Jackie and told Dodger management that they would rather strike then play with a black man like Jackie. This madness ended once management told the players that if they truly felt that way they were more than welcome to look for jobs elsewhere.
Jackie became close friends with fellow teammate Pee Wee Reese. In a game with Cincinnati, the players started yelling things to Jackie and then to Pee Wee. Pee Wee heard one of the players yell, "How can you play with this nigger?" so Pee Wee walked over to Jackie who was standing at first base, smiled and put his arm around him. The two then became known as a defensive team but of course the harassment did not stop there.
Both players and fans continued to verbally harass him. Some pitchers threw balls at him; sometimes even at his head; baserunners attempted to cut him with their cleats. One team in particular, the Philadelphia Phillies, were extremely abusive with the support of their manager Ben Chapman. When the Dodgers played the Phillies on April 22nd, the Phillies players continuously yelled at Jackie making upsetting remarks at him. It was not long after that Baseball Commissioner, A. B. "Happy" Chandler I, admonished the Phillies and asked Jackie to pose for a picture with Chapman. He thought it would make good publicity. Although neither Jackie nor Chapman refused, it was something neither of the two truly wanted to do.
Jackie made the Major League Baseball minimum salary of $5,000 his rookie year. It is to be said that he played 151 games, hit .297, was the league leader of stolen bases with a total of 29 and nine times stealing home base. He was awarded Rookie of the Year and in 1949 was awarded by the National League as Most Valuable Player and batting leader with a .342.
In 1955 Jackie was on the downside of his career but it was during his prime that he had finally became respected as a player. He had led the Dodgers to their first World Series in 1947 with 5 following short after. His Major League career was very short considering he entered the Major League at age 27. This was difficult because as he aged he became easily injured. After the 1956 season, Jackie was sold to the New York Giants which not long after became the Los Angeles Giants.
Unfortunately Jackie felt that it was time for him to retire so on January 5,1957 at the age of 37 he did. He wanted to either manage or coach a team but he didn't receive any offers so instead he became a businessman and the Vice-President of the Chock Full O' Nuts corporation. In the 1960 election he contributed to the presidential campaign for Herbert Humphrey. He also met Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy. He supported Nixon during the election but after Nixon was elected in 1968 he claimed to have regretted it. He also served on the board of the NAACP until 1967 and only resigned because of the small amount of younger influence on the board. In 1962 Jackie Robinson was initiated into the Hall of Fame but it wasn't until June 4,1972 that #42, Jackie's uniform number, was officially retired. On October 14, 1972 before game 2 of the World Series, Jackie made his final public appearance.
Jackie's last few years were difficult. His oldest son Jackie Jr, who had fought a drug problem, was killed in a car accident. Jackie also severe case of diabetes and it caused him to lose sight in one of his eyes. It also contributed to many of his heart problems. On October 24, 1972 Jackie Robinson was announced dead in Stamford, Connecticut. He was buried in Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. After his burial the highway that goes through the cemetery, which was then called the Interborough Parkway, was renamed Jackie Robinson Parkway.
In 1997 Major League Baseball retired the #42 from all their teams. In 2000 he was listed number 44 on The Sporting News list of the top 100 baseball players. He was also elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century team. In 2004, Major League Baseball declared April 15 "Jackie Robinson Day" in all their ballparks. On October 29,2003 the United States Congress awarded Jackie Robinson with the Congressional Gold Medal which is the highest award to be given by the Congress. Unfortunately, because Jackie was deceased by this time he was unable to accept it himself so his widow Rachel Robinson accepted it on his behalf in a ceremony on March 2, 2005.
As you can see although Jackie Robinson had deceased in 1972, he has continued to be remembered, appreciated and respected. He is remembered for an amazing amount of achievements he had accomplished during his time. Being the first African-American player in the Major Leagues was just the beginning of a new era. He had made a way for all colored players.

Return to 123HelpMe.com