Italian Painters of The Renaissance


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The Renaissance
15th Century Italian Painters:

Art Appreciation


The Renaissance: 15th Century Italian Painters.

So the first of three painters were going to

explore today will start with a painter from the

early Renaissance is Martin Schongauer. The

piece we are going to talk about is the

Temptation of Saint Anthony, 1480-1490. When

you look at Schongauer’s work, who a son of a

Goldsmith learned most of is skills from his

father’s workshop. He became one of Italy’s

Most highly esteemed painters with works like

Temptation of Saint Anthony, Madonna im

Rosenhag which were influenced by his idol

Roger Van Wyden. (Martin Schongauer archive

1987, retrieved June 14th, 2008 from:
http://www.schongauer-martin.com/).Schongauer’s engravings

techniques were very spiritually intense with the

use of a wide range contrasts, textures, modeling

and shading in his works. (Art, brief history,

Third edition, 2008).When looking at the

Temptation of St. Anthony it’s a very unique

with the many characters usage of different

types of movements, and horrible depictions of

figures attacking St. Anthony in many ways. It’s

a different perspective use of technique by

Schongauer, as well as how he uses it in relation
to religion. This piece of work is not in any form

of 3-d quality or effects when you look at it, it’s

just in one dimensional form. It’s just a simply

way of using engraving to its finest form, which

shows Schongauer’s great talent and creative

thinking, skills used in most of his work. This

would explain why he was a very admired artist

of his time. So when looking at the Temptation

of Saint Anthony’s piece, it really doesn’t show

any use of mathematical or perspective types of

systems in this exact piece of work by Martin

Schongauer as you can see in the image on the

next page.



Martin Schongauer. The Temptation of St. Anthony. c. 1480-90. Engraving. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

Now in the next piece of art by Pietro

Perugino’s Delivery of the keys to Saint Peter,

There is great use of of both Linear and

Atmospheric perspectives used in this painting

Had both good color, clarity used to convey

The spatial depth of the painting. The figures

And buildings are scaled to perfect size

According to their distance from the picture

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plane as well as the modeling of light source

Also. (Art, A brief History, Third Edition,

stokstad, pp 328-329, 2008). Pietro Perugino

was a painter from the Umbrian school, where

he was know for his classic expressions to the

High Renaissance. (See B. Berenson, Italian

Painters of the Renaissance (Vol. II, 1897, repr.

1968); biography by E. Hutton (1907). Most

People who read about Perugino’s work, were

very complimentry about all his piece. Also

when talking about his work, he was highly

reveared as a great Italian painter who many

people back then asked him to do a variety of

of work for them. The only person who seemed

to dislike his work and thought he was a bungler

of art was Michelangelo, which others thought

was a defamation of Perugino’s character. But
as for his works of paintings, he was asked to

paint the Sistine Chapel, as well as many other

ventures. As noted in todays society, his work

can be found at the National Museums all across

the country. Peitro Perugino’s was vastly known

for most of his paintings as oil, or what they call

frescos. The Delivery of keys to Saint Peter is a

great work of Art back in the 15th Century, for

it’s great use of perspective. It does not have a

3-d dimension to it from the looks of it, but has

Some great use of color, backgrounds, buildings,

And textures to show some excellent attributes

To the painting also.



Delivery of the Keys to Saint Peter
Pietro Perugino
1481
Fresco
Rome, Vatican, Sistine Chapel

Now, one of the greatest artist to show his

works of paintings back in the 15th Century

was a man named Leonardo da Vinci, who

painted such great works such as the Mona

Lisa, and The Vitruvian Man. The Vitruvian

Man was one of an ink painting that Vinci

did on paper with the use of a mathematical

system proportions, by adding geometrical

shapes to seek the ideal representation of

the human form. (Art, A brief History, third

Edition, Stokstad, pp 342, 2008). The use

of mathematical perspective in this piece

of work, gives it a 3-D dimensional feel to it,

because when you look at it and focus on

the figure itself, it seems that the arms, legs

are in motion if looking at it in a certain way.

This is why it has somewhat of that 3-

dimensional quality to it. That’s what makes

this paintings one of the worlds most

popular icons.(Leonardo da Vinci archive,

retrieved june 15th, 2008 from:

WWW.aiwaz.net/leonardo/.

Leonardo da Vincis view on art was vastly

Different, but is still widely known and

Admired to this day. His mathematical use
In The Vitruvian Man was more than just

art, it was unique because of its uses of

geometry, shapes, numbers, and detailed

correspondence of the work was excellent.

His work as an artist was to be the greatest

painter with the most diversely talented

person to ever live, and was basically

know as The Renaissance man. (Leonardo

Da Vinci archive, retrieved June 15th, 2008

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci

Within the next page, is the image of The

Vitruvian Man:

Leonardo da Vinci. Vitruvian Man c. 1490, Ink, Galleria dell’Academia, Venice.

So in finally, within these three artist, we

have Schongauer’s perspective of St.

Anthony, you have the use of small objects

To the use of close distance to see more

details in the painting. Then there was

Perugino’s Delivery of Keys, which was a

very good use of perspective, distance,

colors, and many usage of sizes as well that

made it very beautiful. And lastly we have

Loenardo famous Vitruvian man, that was

probably one of his top three most popular

works. His use of the size of the man,

symbols, mathematical system make this

piece one very intriguing and complex use

of style back then. It’s very interesting to

learn about how different styles work in the

world of art from today to back in the 15th

Century. Especially with the artists

discussed in this paper, and the creativity,

detail, imagination which they use in their

art work is not only beautiful but amazing.

References:

http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artMakerDetails?maker=3040

http://www.schongauer-martin.com/

http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=g&p=c&a=l&ID=163

http://thealchemicalegg.com/VitruviusN.html

http://www.aiwaz.net/Leonardo/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci

Art, a Brief History, Stokstad, Third Edition, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458, 2008


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