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The Impact of Tourism and Human Activity on Biodiversity Essay

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Biodiversity is the variety of life on earth. It refers to the number of species of plants, animals and microorganisms. However, it also refers to the difference of the ecosystems on the planet such as rainforests, deserts, coral reefs and so on. This is all parts of a biologically diverse on the earth. The beauty of the country is made by the biodiversity on the earth. This can make the country became the most popular place to touristy, because of a wealth resource for the tourist sector that including the interesting animals and plants, a wonderful or fantastic place for tourist to explore and also scenic walks. These indicate the importance of tourism plays as an important part to the economy of the country. So, to enjoy the success or beauty of the natural, protect the biodiversity is being ensured.
Nevertheless, tourism is one of the sectors that growing fastest in the world. But more of the sector development in the hotspots of biodiversity will have many species unique to that region. There is why tourism represents both opportunities for and threats to the conservation of biodiversity.


Impact on Plants Diversity
While enjoying the beauty of biodiversity, industry of tourism will also bring the impacts to the plants, wildlife and habitats. The impacts on plant diversity are quite similar to other economic activities such as construction work, industry and so on. For example:
• Destruction of vegetation directly
• Over-use of water or other resources
• Site of the tourism infrastructure
• Poorly planned
• Habitat degradation by the poorly management of outdoor activities such as angling, cycling, hiking and so on
• inappropriate behavior of the visitors (littering)
• Increasing of waste production
• Local infrastructure...


... middle of paper ...


...the Terrestial Environment. Springer, Verlag, New York.
10. Moustakas, M., Lanaras, T., Symeonidis, L., & Karataglis, S. (1994). Growth and some photosynthetic characteristics of field grown Avena sativa under copper and lead stress. Photosynthetica, 30, 389-396
11. Neave, I. A., Davey, S. M., Russell, S. M., Smith, J. J., & Florence, R. G. (1994). The relationships between vegetation patterns and environment on the south coast of New South Wales. J. For. Ecol. Manage., 72, 71-80
12. Shaylor, H., McBride, M., & Harrison, E. (2009). Sources and impacts of contaminants in soil. Cornell Waste Management Institute. Retrieved from: http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu
13. Hussain, M., & Palmer, M. W. (2006). Effect of clipping, fertilization and water stress on species composition of experimental plant communities along a simulated soil gradient. Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., 86, 53-63



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