Preview
Preview

Human Resource Management Practices in Japanese Subsidiaries in China Essay

No Works Cited
Length: 1399 words (4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Introduction


This essay gives an account of the Japanese HRM1 practices used in subsidiaries in China.
This essay is organized as follows: the first section is about the HRM practices in Japan and their development; the second part is about the main differences between Japanese and Chinese HRM practices and the third and last one examines the problems that the Japanese HRM practices face in their subsidiaries in China.

Firstly the focus will be on the Japanese HRM system and his features, and especially on the significant changes that have occurred in the 1960-1980 period and from the 'Bubble Economy' decade onwards.
The second section compares these features with the Chinese HRM system, highlighting the common and the different points; this analysis is useful to understand the main problems that Japanese companies face when they manage subsidiaries in China. These issues are studied in the last section of this essay.




Human Resource Management in Japan

Human Resource Management is the process by which a company manages people to get a result (Keeley, 2001, 17).
HRM practices of a country are strictly linked with his cultural, socio-political and physical environment. Culture is one of the most important aspects to consider when studying HRM practices; the influence of culture is essential throughout all the HR cycle: selection, recruitment, feedback, evaluation and interviews (Kaminsky, 2002).

HRM practices in East Asia are believed to be significantly influenced by Confucian values; in particular Japan manifests this paternalistic vision of life with some key components, like: Lifetime employment, the importance of the needs of the employee and the encouragement of team processes (Pucik and Hatvany 1983, quoted in...


... middle of paper ...


...wie, 2002). As Beamish, Delio and Makino (2001:89) state, this ethnocentric style of MNEs management can lead to few opportunities for local nationals, even though in recent years it can be noted a slight shift from ethnocentrism to polycentrism in Japanese subsidiaries in China (Nakamura, 2001).


Conclusion

HRM practices in Japan have passed through many changes and reforms. In the last years, Japan is opening towards foreign markets and one of the countries where subsidiaries are most numerous is China. In China Japanese HRM management faces many problems, even though most of them are not related to China itself but are related to HR practices used by Japanese companies abroad. Due to the growing importance of Chinese business worldwide and to the constant evolution of its HRM, Japan is trying to find solutions for these issues, even if it's not an easy task.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Japanese Business Culture Essay - Japan is the third-largest economy in the world, an island of nations within East Asia. Japan is the world’s tenth largest country by population, with 127.3 million people. A major economic power that continues to experience growth resulting from industrial and technological breakthroughs. In the last decade, Japan has experienced growth through globalization that affected it citizens by employment and wages. As a vital key to conducting business in Japan it is essential for a corporation to understand etiquette and protocols as well as the religious beliefs that may or may not impact business....   [tags: Globalization]
:: 7 Works Cited
2049 words
(5.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Globalization and The Development of Multinational Corporations - ... Fair trade is regarded as ‘an opportunity’ which improves ‘living and working conditions in developing countries’ as well as improve ‘labor standards’ and create ‘enterprises that are economically and environmentally sustainable’. Moreover they do not suggest that ‘it should be the only instrument used for managing globalization’ (Hiscoz, 2007). Whatever the good point from the fair trade, it also cites that ‘the impact of trade and investment on human rights and labor standards in developing nations have played an increasingly important role in political debates about globalization.’ Globalization brings both the good and the bad the developing countries, so it makes them consider and...   [tags: environment, china, products]
:: 6 Works Cited
684 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Human Resource Management of Zappos.com Essay - Human Resource Management of Zappos.com Introduction Human Resource management has a high impact on the overall organization being managed. HR management makes certain that human talent is used successfully and resourcefully to accomplish organizational goals. As an organization core competency, human resources has distinctive competencies that generates high value and sets apart an organization from competitors in areas such as productivity, quality and service, employee skills, and innovative changes....   [tags: Human Resource Management ]
:: 7 Works Cited
1401 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Strategic Human Resource Management - Armstrong ( 2010) defined Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) as “an approach to making decisions on the intentions and plans of the organisation in the shape of the policies, programmes and practices concerning the employment relationship, resourcing, learning and development, performance management , rewards and employee relationships,” ( p. 115). There is a paradigm shift from a functional role to a tactical one through the strategic management process. SHRM is very important to the effectiveness of my learning organisation because it ensures that the needs of the learning community are met and provides the opportunity for instructional leaders to “add value to the learning...   [tags: Human Resource Management ]
:: 10 Works Cited
1221 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Comparison of HR Practices and Employment Relations Philosophies in China and Taiwan - Comparison of HR Practices and Employment Relations Philosophies in China and Taiwan Introduction In the face of ever-increasing globalization, both China and Taiwan have now joined the World Trade Organisation (WTO); a more open market economy and closer integration with the global economic order appears to be inevitable for both countries (Magarinos et al. 2002). Human Resource Management (HRM) is one of the critical tools for improving productivity and competitiveness at the grass-roots level (Poole 1997)....   [tags: Papers] 2506 words
(7.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Human Resource Management and Health Care Essay - I. Introduction Human Resource Management is defined as the process of managing human talent to achieve an organization’s objectives (Bohlander & Snell, 2010). A more detailed definition is given by the Society for Human Resource Management which states that “human resource management is the function within an organization that focuses on recruiting, managing, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization” (Schmidt, 2011). The role that human resource management plays is the most vital in all business organizations....   [tags: Human Resource Management ]
:: 10 Works Cited
1335 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Changing Roles of Human Resource Management Essay - Human Resource profession has faced numerous challenges in the past, which has forced HR managers to try and implement various strategies in the work environment all in the aim of survival and prosperity of the business. The National Institute of Personnel Management (NIPM) in India recently organized the 37th annual conference of HRs to discuss the various challenges in the work place and ways of mitigating them. It was unanimously concluded that HR managers needed to revise its roles and create new roles for organizations....   [tags: Human Resource Management]
:: 5 Works Cited
1292 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Human Resource Management Essay examples - Human Resource Management is the calculated and reasoned method of managing for an organization’s most valued assets. There is a response for the people who are working and ensuring the achievement of the role for the organization’s goals and objectives, increasing in the organization's effectiveness and satisfying all of the employee's needs. Employee costs usually consume a big percentage of the common budget of most companies. So it is very important to find good employees because it may also help the companies to improve its performance and increase success....   [tags: Human Resource Management] 1320 words
(3.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Human Resource Management Reform in China Essays - Human Resource Management Reform in China Abstract The era of the knowledge economy has arrived. Competitiion beween companies in the future will depend largely on the ability to attract and retain high-quality employees. China's entry into the WTO pushes forward its participation in globalization and exposes the SOE's to heavier competition and greater challenges. HRM reform of SOE's in China is at the top of the reform agenda. Empirical studies show that national culture affects the operation and efficiency of HRM in organizations....   [tags: Papers] 4400 words
(12.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Human Resource Managementa Case Study Essay - Human Resource Managementa Case Study Management of Human Resources-Assignment Introduction: In order to critically assess and recommend alternatives, I would like firstly to give a brief description of the business crisis the company was facing and the subsequent need for change in the company’s overall business strategy. I would then like to focus on the key aspects of the firm’s human resources strategy and the changes that were made in order to supplement the overall changes in the business strategy....   [tags: Personnel Management]
:: 4 Works Cited
2081 words
(5.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]