Preview
Preview

Human Breast Milk Essay

Missing Works Cited
Length: 1751 words (5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Introduction
Human breast milk is uniquely suited to our biologic needs and remains the best source of nutrition for the human infant (Kunz et al , 1999). It provides the necessary support for the developing immune system (Goldman et al., 1994 ; Garofalo and Goldman, 1999). The powerful anti-infective qualities of breast milk are measured by decreased infant mortality in developing countries where exclusive breastfeeding is the norm (Scariati et al, 1997 ; Ball and Wright, 1999).
The human breast milk is composed of about 6% carbohydrates, about 4% fats, about 1% proteins and about 89% water. The composition of human milk is very different than artificial milk or "formula". Most artificial breast milk products use bovine milk as a substrate. The latter has more proteins and less lactose when compared to human milk (Kunz, et al ,1999). Lactose levels correlate well with brain size across species. Given their large brain size, it is not surprising that humans have a higher concentration of lactose in their milk than any other species (Newton, 2004).
From the Islamic religion point of view, although it is recommended to prolong adequate lactation for up to two years, Prophet Mohamed pointed that the milk of the pregnant women is harmful for the infants and strongly advised that pregnant mothers should never breastfeed their infants.
The aim of this study was to compare milk composition in lactating pregnant and lactating non-pregnant mothers in order to know to what extent could pregnancy affect milk composition, and how this could be reflected on both child development and health.
Subjects and Methods
I- Subjects
This study was carried out on 64 urban healthy lactating females attending the Outpatient...


... middle of paper ...


...urs in the cerebrum and 60% of this tissue is lipid (Newton, 2004).
Stopping breastfeeding , should pregnancy occurs, to avoid its adverse effect on the nursed infants may expose them to many hazards as gastroenteritis and malnutritional diseases. And so , it is our responsibility to strongly advice against pregnancy during lactation so that the newly born receives the best nutritional support to ensure its full physical and neurological development.
This is what exactly recommended by the Islamic religion to prolong adequate lactation, up to two years, to face infant's requirements and at the same time to avoid pregnancy on top of lactation with its bad effects on both the nursed infant and the fetus. It is hoped that further works will be done to study the effect of pregnancy on other milk constituents that could also possibly affect the nursed infant.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Should I Breast-feed my Child or Formula-feed my Child? Essay - During the span of one year in the United States about four million babies are born. The average age for a mom in the United States is 25 years old. First time moms have many questions and decisions to make regarding the methods of feeding and the nutrients their child will be receiving. “In the United States and worldwide, more than 90 percent of infants are breast-fed, but only 36 percent are exclusively breast-fed for the first six months” (Berger et al., 2011). It’s the parent’s choice whether to formula-feed or breast-feed their child, and the parents have many questions as for which method is best....   [tags: breast milk, nutrients, diseases] 1158 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Breast-feeding is the Best Option Essay - Breast-feeding is a process that involves an infant suckling its mother’s breast in order to get some milk. Breast milk can sometimes be substituted with baby formula for a number of reasons. These reasons may be death of the infant’s mother, the mother’s being a working mother and is always away, and some mothers just opt for baby formula. The formula has a number of advantages: it is readily available, cheaper, and easy to control. Breast milk is sometimes referred to as the line of equal measure between the very rich parents and the poor parents (Pryor & Kathleen, 2010)....   [tags: Health, Breast Milk]
:: 5 Works Cited
1466 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Breast Feeding is Best Essay - Argumentative Breast is Best      If one chooses to have a child, shouldn’t he or she be obligated to do what is best for that child. There are many important choices to make for that child, and some may be more difficult than others. Hospital or home birth. Pampers or Huggies. Crib or family bed. But when it comes to feeding, the choice is clear. Breast-feeding is the best choice that mothers can make for themselves and their child.      Not everyone agrees that breast-feeding is the best choice....   [tags: breast-feeding]
:: 3 Works Cited
986 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Breast Feeding vs Formula Essay - Breast-feeding is nutritionally, emotionally and physically superior for a mother and her child. “Human breast milk is not standard nor is it interchangeable with cow’s milk. It is a dynamic fluid that changes in composition to meet the needs of the baby as it grows” (“Giving your Baby... Diet.” par. #10). Breast milk contains growth factors and antibodies which stimulate the growing baby and protect it from illness such as diarrhea, ear infections, rashes, allergies, asthma, skin problems, pneumonia, respiratory illness and other serious illnesses....   [tags: Comparing Breast Feeding and Formula ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1353 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Breast-Feeding: Just Do It! Essay - Breast-Feeding: Just Do It. Who is to say that breast-feeding is the best for your baby. For years, breast-feeding tactics have been used as the best way to feed your infant. There was never any debate as to how you should feed your child, until a few years ago when artificial baby formulas were made. Now, researches have set out to figure out which way is the best for your baby. Studies upon studies have been done in search of the answer. Finally it was proven that breast-feeding, the natural way, was superior over artificial formulas....   [tags: Breast-Feeding Essays] 1447 words
(4.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Breast-Feeding vs Formula Essay example - In todays society there are so many books and online sources that can be found on the “how-to” of raising a child. The question is though, which one of the sources should be trusted enough to follow through and to implement techniques on children. For one of the most important decisions that a mother and family can make is the option of breast milk or formula. In a growing society where mothers are given dirty looks for nursing in public, or media outlets rage in disapproval to mothers that share nursing stories, it almost seems crazy not to pick up a bottle and feed a child....   [tags: education, family, mother, children, breast milk ]
:: 3 Works Cited
868 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Breast Feeding versus Bottle Feeding Essay - ... Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health (2011), this milk is very rich in nutrients and anti¬bodies to protect your baby. Mother’s antibodies which are present in the breast milk helps the baby to resist infections. Nutrients present in the breast milk includes Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fat. It also contains vitamins, minerals and hormones that infants require. The cells, hormones, and antibodies in breast milk protect babies from illness (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health, 2011)....   [tags: baby nutrition, mother's milk advantages] 551 words
(1.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Breast Feeding vs. Formula Feeding for Newborns Essay examples - ... Breast milk is easily digested so that breastfed babies have fewer occurrences of diarrhea or constipation (2). To be able to nourish a baby naturally can also help a new mother feel reassured in her ability to care for her baby. Which enables the mother and infant to connect on an emotional level and get to know one another. Knowing the babies cues before he/she begins to cry can help develop a healthy relationship between mother and infant. Breast milk is also convenient and readily available at the right temperature for a baby to eat....   [tags: milk, nourish, antibodies] 741 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Does Milk Really Do Your Body Good? Essay - As a child you were most likely bombarded with people reminding you to drink your milk; your parents harping that milk makes you bigger and stronger or the American Dairy Farmers ever present slogan of the 1980’s, “Milk it does a body good” or the most recent “Got milk?” (Rosenburg). Contrary to the preaching about the benefits of milk and what you may have seen or heard on billboards and television commercials, the reality is that milk does your body more harm than good with the use of hormones and the adverse effects that milk has on your body....   [tags: milk, hormones, body] 1250 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Breastfeeding or Not Essay - During the span of one year in the United States about four million babies are born. The average age for a mom in the United States is 25 years old. First time moms have many questions and decisions to make regarding the methods of feeding and the nutrients their child will be receiving. “In the United States and worldwide, more than 90 percent of infants are breast-fed, but only 36 percent are exclusively breast-fed for the first six months” (Berger et al., 2011). It’s the parent’s choice whether to formula-feed or breast-feed their child, and the parents have many questions as for which method is best....   [tags: Children, Babies, Breast Feeding, Milk]
:: 8 Works Cited
1242 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]