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How International Financial Reporting Standards Affect The Quality Of Canadian Accounting Information

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How would International Financial Reporting Standards affect the quality of Canadian accounting information?

INTRODUCTION
Globalization has a great impact on today’s economy. The differences of accounting regulations and practices in various countries have become a noteworthy obstacle to globalization and economic development. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) mitigates global business barriers. In order to adapt to the increasingly global business environment, public companies in Canada will move to IFRS by 2011. This movement will have a significant influence on Canadian business such as capital markets, financial statement preparers, the accounting profession, and even accounting students. Investors are eager to understand the differences between IFRS and Canadian GAAP. The public companies should be ready to follow IFRS in January, 2011. Even private companies should fit their businesses into the new environment. Therefore, most Canadian companies care about what issues IFRS deals with.
In our report, we will only focus on how IFRS affects the four qualitative characteristics of Canadian accounting information—relevance, reliability, comparability and consistency. The discussion will help investors to better understand accounting information. Generally, IFRS and Canadian GAAP have the same objective: providing useful information for decision making. Both of them are principles based and have the same conceptual frameworks. However, there are still some significant changes from Canadian GAAP to IFRS: the implementation of fair value, going concern exposure, revenue recognition, disclosure of “extraordinary items”, costing techniques, and segment reporting. (See Appendix)
This change from IFRS to Canadia...


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KPMG. (2005). International Accounting Standards: Do they make business sense? Retrieved March 21, 2008, from
http://www.kpmg.ca/en/news/documents/Speech20051128.pdf

KPMG. (2006). Capital markets digging for more globally consistent financial reporting – KPMG’s mining survey. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from
http://www.kpmg.com.au/Default.aspx?TabID=712&KPMGArticleItemID=2301

Murdoch, Lorie. IFRS: Are you ready? Retrieved March 20, 2008, from http://www.camagazine.com/index.cfm/ci_id/34987/la_id/1IAS1

Revsine, Collins, Johnson and Amernic. (2004). The social setting of financial reporting. Second Canadian Edition, Prentice Hall,

Saudagaran, S. M. (2004). International Accounting: A User Perspective. Second Edition. Mason, OH: Thomson/South-Western Publishing.


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