How Can Justice Be Administered Into Our Societies? Essay

How Can Justice Be Administered Into Our Societies? Essay

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How can justice be administered into our societies?
One of the most controverted and debated themes of philosophy regards the argument of justice. What could define justice? And how can justice be administered into our societies? Two philosophers as Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau arrive at the same solution even if intended in a slightly different way: “The Social Contract”.
Thomas Hobbes starts his analysis by analyzing the nature of men. Hobbes sustains in his analysis that all men are born into a condition of substantial equality, the differences are so small that they could not be considered relevant into the achievement of their goals. This equality became for Hobbes the cause of differences between men, and brings them to try to overcome the others in orders to obtain something that both want. So, equality brings war. In a condition of everlasting war the society has not the possibility of improving, because there is no space for development in the sciences or culture. The only thing that remains is the continuous fear of death. For this reason Hobbes states that the nature of men in reality is not equality, but a dissociative nature that brings men to fear one another and brings to their destruction. So how can be justice applied into men without limiting their freedom? Hobbes before coming with the idea of the Social Contract that is the instrument of justice, make an analysis on the natural laws (lex naturalis). The first natural law state that every man can’t do anything destructive against him, however the right of nature states that every man has to do everything in his power to safeguard his freedom. This difference between right and law brings men into a condition of war. The fundamental law of nature states...

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...y examples in history stating that a state often will become a tyranny. So, this fact of ceasing everything you have doesn’t help to achieve justice, this is because when all the power is centered in a single entity it’s impossible to have a balance between different opinions. The perfect solution is to have different entities that exercise this power and balance each other. I think that we have to make some renounce, but we cannot renounce on everything because even the third-party power as Hobbes calls it or the Civil state as Rousseau calls it can become an entity that will use the power we gave him to make his own interests. So probably the best example of justice could be found in the modern idea of democracy, when the State is not a single entity but is formed by multiple entities every one of them representing a part of the general will of the Sate population.

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