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Holistic Approach to Nursing and Cultural Approach to Nursing Essay

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This paper will focus on the viewpoints of two influential nursing theorists, whom have helped to provide nurses and the public with insight on their understandings of each of the four concepts that make up the nursing metaparadigm. Through the exploration of both Roy's holistic approach to nursing and Leininger's cultural approach to nursing, I will be able to conclude my findings and produce a philosophy of nursing that is unique to my own ideas, values, and beliefs of what the metaparadigm of nursing represents to me.
The first concept of nursing that will be focused on is, person. Roy has provided a general framework that allows for a baseline understanding of the metaparadigm. Roy's view of person, as stated in the Roy Adaptation Model (2009), is as follows, “An adaptive system with cognator and regulator subsystems acting to maintain adaption in four adaptive modes: physiologic – physical, self – concept – group identity, role function, and interdependence” (p. 12). Leininger has also been a notable contributor but more so for her incorporation of the importance of culture in making a person unique; this is especially true in regards to her involvement in the theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality. This theory states the following:
The term, culturally congruent care, was coined by the theorist in the early 1960s. The purpose of the theory is to discover culturally based emic and etic care phenomena that are congruent or meaningful to cultures, and which influence the lifeways of the people. The theory focuses on identifying the care values, beliefs, lifeways, and symbolic referents related to culture care phenomena that bear upon congruent care factors. The goal of the theory is to discover culturally...


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...t has the ability to change a person in an instant and I find it difficult to be able to summarize the role of environment in a single sentence. However, I feel as though my definition will be useful when assessing a client in order to fully understand circumstances that surround them in everyday life. For example, poor socioeconomic status could result in poor living conditions and this could affect their health state.
To conclude, through comparing and evaluating Roy and Leininger's views on the four concepts of the nursing metaparadigm and taking into consideration my previous ideas of each, I was able to formulate my own philosophy of the nursing metaparadigm on person, health, nursing, and environment. Not only was I able to do this, but I was able to create definitions that can positively contribute to my present education and my future career in nursing.


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