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The History of Indigenous Women in Canada Essay

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This article shows the history of Indigenous women in Canada and the specific laws during various periods of the history of Canada that influenced the health issues in Indigenous women. The article introduces the laws of Indigenous society prior to colonization, in which women and men were seen as equals, which is necessary to maintain the health and survival of the community. The Indigenous women were considered sacred because of their ability to create new life, and their ability to make decisions on economic and social aspects. With the colonization and the imposition of European laws and traditions, Indigenous women did not possess legal status or social origin, which caused them to become dependent on their father and husbands. The article cites that this situation began during the fur trade, where Europeans refused to deal with women for sale or trade.
The article follows with the situations and laws that further marginalized Indigenous woman, such as: The Indian Act (in which Europeans imposed Eurocentric sexist laws, making Indigenous woman dependent) and Residential schools (where there were separations of family units and the spread of diseases due to poor diets and bad sanitary condition). These situations led the Indigenous populations to lose their parenting skills, live in poor health conditions and the loss of their cultural identity, lasting for several generations.
The article also shows that in addition to these laws, Indigenous women were at a disadvantaged position which caused them to undergo events such as: Forced sterilization Act, ( Where the United States and Canada had the intention of stopping "mental defectives" and "individuals incapable of intelligent parenthood" of having children) and The Indige...


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...presentation of Indigenous women in Canada, this article in particular brings a very interesting topic, about healing, where women are important towards rescuing the culture and overcoming problems of the past. This article also brings some details that are not in other articles which is necessary for my research.



Works Cited

McNab, M. (2006). Aboriginal Women’s Issues. In Canadian Encyclopedia online. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/native-womens-issues/
Native Women’s Association of Canada. (2002). Aboriginal Women and Health Care in Canada. Retrieved from http://www.nwac.ca/files/reports/AboriginalWomenandHealthCareinCanada.pdf
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Boyer, Y. (2006). First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Women’s Health. Discussion Paper Series in Aboriginal Health: Legal Issues. National Aboriginal Health Organization. (4) 5-47.



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