Preview
Preview

Essay about The History of European Merchants in China

:: 13 Works Cited
Length: 1791 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The history of the world is bought together by its sophisticated culture and commerce net. Throughout the history, human beings have been taking on varies role in the society, and it has been the human activities kept the history alive, writing down the story of our time. Back in 16th century, an ancient nation was the center of world trading system; this nation attracted countries all over the globe to try to use its cultural and economic superiority for reference, and this nation was China. European countries such as Dutch, England and French had went to Ming and Qing China numerous time, trading had always been their main goal, but the process and strategies have changed throughout the history. There are proves stating that European merchant had taken on an active in Chinese society since Medieval China, which is 13th century. As time goes by, the trade between China and Europe had getting increasingly frequent and more complex. Therefore, this paper focuses on European trading activity with China from 16th century to 20th century, along with trading policy and social status changes.
Portuguese traders came to Macau in 1553, and their initial request was have their goods dry there. At the time, Ming did not have open policy for foreign fleets or merchants to have settlement in China territory, so the Portuguese had to bribe the chief official Wang Bo to gain entre to Macau. It is controversial if Wang Bo had actually taken the bribe, but at the end, Portuguese was able to conducting temporary trade in Macao, only under the condition that Portuguese paying10 percent tariff. The Portuguese were installed at the mouth of the river somewhat in the capacity of a filter, without passing through which no outsider could make contrac...


... middle of paper ...


.... 8 (Feb. 1840), 497-503;
Spence, Jonathan D. The Search for Modern China: 153
Chester Springs, Quoted in Edgar Holt, The Opium Wars in China: 102
John Darwin, After Tamerlane: The Global History of Empire: 431
Moon-Ho Jung. "Seditious Subjects: Race, State Violence, and the U.S. Empire." Journal of Asian American Studies 14, no. 2 (2011): 221-247
Bachman David. Bureaucracy, economy, and leadership in China : the institutional origins of the great leap forward: 97
Kroeber and Kluckholn, Culture, pp. 25 and 29.
Chris Tudda, A Cold War Turning point: Nixon and China, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 128, 2 (2013): 358
William H. Overholt, President Nixon’s Trip to China and Its Consequences, Asian Survey, Vol. 13, 7 (1973): 707
Overholt, 711
Mathias Mutz, Going Global – Acting Local: Siemens In The Chinese Electrical Market, 1904-1937: 5



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Why Was China Such an Advanced Society for So Long? Essay examples - ... The Great Leap Forward is similar to Stalin’s Five Year Plans and the troubled results of collectivization and a socialist economy are equally as dismal. This Sino-Russian relationship and similarities grew out of personal and nationalist rivals between Mao and Stalin in addition to other numerous factors (Li). Resembling Stalinist purges and Soviet gulags, the Cultural Revolution and other campaigns had negative economic impacts and lead to numerous deaths (White). This period of centralized planning was ultimately ended by the death of Mao Zedong....   [tags: Ming and Qing dynasties, Modern China]
:: 14 Works Cited
1927 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The History of the Tea Trade in China Essay - ... That number rose to nineteen thousand by 1830. While China's economic strength weathered the early years of the opium trade, Mair and Hoh observed, "From 1828 to 1836, China ran up a trade deficit of $38 million, largely due to the illegal opium trade, which dramatically turned the tide of silver from China to Britain." As Britain’s desire for control over the tea trade grew, China became increasingly manipulated and powerless. Open conflict was on the horizon. Scholar John Newsinger explains that, by the 1830s, the Chinese government had come to see the opium trade and its resulting addict population as "a threat to both state and society." The next ingredient for war arrived in the...   [tags: opium war, tradition, culture] 1631 words
(4.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Hong Kong: A History Essay - 7 million people populate the Chinese city of Hong Kong, located in the Pearl River Estuary in the south of China. With an area of only 426 square miles, it is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Known for its towering skyline, light pollution, and thriving economy, it is a very unusual city due to the fact that it runs on a capitalist system while the mainland is communist. Its laissez-faire economy is the result of over a century of British colonial rule: prior to its colonization, Hong Kong was home to only fishermen and farmers....   [tags: China, History, Communism, Economy]
:: 2 Works Cited
2022 words
(5.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Westernization in China and Japan - In the middle of the 19th century, despite a few similarities between the initial responses of China and Japan to the West, they later diverged; which ultimately affected and influenced the modernizing development of both countries. At first, both of the Asian nations rejected the ideas which the West had brought upon them, and therefore went through a time period of self-imposed isolation. However, the demands that were soon set by Western imperialism forced them, though in different ways, to reconsider....   [tags: Comparison, Industrial Revolution] 1311 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Neo-Imperiailsm in China Essay example - Neo-Imperialism’s effect on Qing Dynasty China was not profoundly great. Rather than helping China, imperialism brought about the fall of the Qing and the introduction of communism in East Asia. The Qing Dynasty was a powerful, self-sufficient dynasty that reigned from 1644-1912. During the late 19th century, Europe’s great powers began taking interest in Asia’s natural resources that are needed to fuel Europe’s industrial factories. The British interest for tea led the Europeans to trade with China....   [tags: world history, communism, east asia]
:: 6 Works Cited
912 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Motives For European Expansion To America Essay - Prior to 1490s, Europeans had already sailed down to west coast Africa and were having a long-established trade in African Slaves. Moreover, European expansion basis was the ambition for the trade and resources of Asia. They tried to expand further to Asia motivated by ambition for the trade and resources of Asia. Three centuries after Columbus’s discovery of America, various Europeans which are Spanish, Portuguese, French, English and Dutch were dominating Native American. They were occupying the Western Hemisphere and imported African slaves to work them in plantations....   [tags: American History, Colonialism ] 855 words
(2.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Japanese Infuence on China Essay - “Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we’ve been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.” Because of the failure of the government in late Qing period, government officers and citizens noticed that they should have reforms or changes in order to make their nation be better. Moreover, since Qing’s army was defeated in the First Sino Japanese War unexpectedly, people from all walks of life also astounded with the rising of Japan. Consequently, officers suggested an idea of “Chinese learning for substance, Western learning for practical application.” to strengthen the country....   [tags: Political Development, 1900s-1930s]
:: 3 Works Cited
940 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The History of Ivory Trade Essay - The History of Ivory Trade Ivory’s appeal to the upper-classes as a symbol of affluence and its timeless style has lured people to the tusks since as far back as the ancient Egyptians around the year 3000BC. Since the Egyptians, every civilization with a significant upper class population has sought ivory and been willing to pay a premium price for it. The most expensive and most sought after was the ivory of East Africa where it was agreed that the ivory was, without a doubt, the best in the world....   [tags: World History] 736 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on The Industrial Revolution and Imperialism - The concept of imperialism is one that has pervaded nearly every major society or empire throughout human history. It seems to be a natural consequence of societies growing in size, power, and knowledge. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries vast changes occurred in Western Europe (and soon spread elsewhere) that spurred a new round of imperialism the likes of which had not been seen before. The changes were the industrial revolution that was taking place. Countries were rapidly advancing to industrial societies producing much greater quantities of goods at much lower costs....   [tags: European History] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Philippine History Essay - Philippine History Spanish Colony 1565 - 1898 Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain in 1519 on the first voyage to circumnavigate the globe with five ships and a complement of 264 crew. Three years later in 1522, only the one ship, the Victoria, returned to Spain with 18 men. The Philippines were the death of Magellan. The expedition sighted the island of Samar on March 16, 1521. Magellan was welcomed by two Rajas, Kolambu and Siagu. He named the islands the Archipelago of San Lazaro, erected a cross and claimed the lands for Spain....   [tags: Asian Asia History] 7843 words
(22.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]