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History of Central African Republic: Essay

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History of Central African Republic:
The Central African Republic (CAR) is located in the heart of equatorial Africa. The country, with an estimated population of 4.4 million and a landmass of 622,984 sq km , is landlocked, sharing borders with Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon. The country, a former colony of France (formerly known as Ubangi-Shari), gained independence on August 13, 1960. Like most former colonies, CAR was subject to interference in domestic affairs by its former colonizer. The French were linked to the death of Barthélémy Boganda, the country’s pre-independence leader . The French were also directly involved in several coups within the CAR.
Following the death of Boganda, David Dacko a former Boganda aide, would go on to become the country’s first President (with assistance from France). During his first term as president, Dacko significantly increased the country’s diamond production, and even had a diamond cutting facility built in the country’s capital city of Bangui. As a result, diamonds became the country’s chief export and remain so today. Dacko’s administration was plagued by corruption and inefficiency, a problem that plagues the CAR to this day. Shortly after gaining power, Dacko amended the country’s constitution and established one party rule. Furthermore he increased the term of the country’s presidency from five years to seven. In 1964, Dacko was elected to second term in an election where he was the only candidate for president.
In January of 1966, General Jean-Bedel Bokassa carried out a successful coup d’état against the Dacko administration. This would be the first of several successful coups that the CAR would experience. In the ear...


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...of trade to levy taxes and ensure high quality of goods”.
The World Bank calculates the cost of importing and exporting goods from countries. Cost includes the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included, such as costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or duties. Based on the Bank’s data the cost for importing one 20-foot container into the CAR is $ 5,554, and the cost for exporting, $5,491. Compared to the Sub-Saharan average of $2,365 and $1,941, and the OECD average of $1,145 and $1,089 (for exports and imports respectively) it becomes obvious that trading with the CAR is extremely costly relative to the rest of the world.


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