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History of African Americans in Cleveland During and Immediately After WWI

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World War I marked a drastic change in African American history. The war began as a conflict between the Europeans and soon became an event with revolutionary consequences, which would have a big affect on the social, economic, and political future for the black community. The war impacted the black community of Cleveland greatly whether you were male or female, soldier or civilian. The war began in 1914 and ended in 1918, which marked one of the most dynamic periods for the African American community because of migration, racial violence, and political protest. African Americans challenged the American Government, demanded their rights as American citizens, and demanded equality both in subtle and dramatic ways. We should further our knowledge on World War I because it is important to develop a better understanding of how the war affected African Americans and the struggles they faced because of it.
The main focus of this essay is on the discrimination against African Americans in Cleveland After World War I and why discrimination began to increase after the war. I first chose this topic because it has always been a topic that sparked my interest and I’ve always wanted to know more about the African American community. I figured when am I going to get a better opportunity to gain more knowledge on the topic of discrimination against African Americans then in an African American Studies class. I also think it is really important to know about the past history of our city and it is just as important to know about the people who were here many years before us especially the African American community. These things are important to know because they are what makes up Cleveland today especially because we live in a diverse city.
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Great Migration. (2010, January 1). History.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/great-migration

Keating, W. D., & Krumholz, N. (1995). Cleveland a metropolitan reader. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.

Kusmer, K. L. (1978). A ghetto takes shape: black Cleveland, 1870-1930. Urbana [u.a.: Univ. of Illinois Press.

Miller, C. P., & Wheeler, R. A. (1997). Cleveland: a concise history, 1796-1996 (2nd ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Pager, D., & Shepherd, H. (2008, January 1). Abstract. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2915460/

Williams, C. (n.d.). African Americans and World War I. African Americans and World War I. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://exhibitions.nypl.org/africanaage/essay-world-war-i.html



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