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History and Pros of Animal Testing Essay

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History and Pros of Animal Testing

Abstract:
Animal research refers to the use of non-human animals for testing or experimenting on. The first recorded use of animals for testing started with the Greeks in the third and fourth century BC. The use of animals for testing is usually in the basic fields of; biomedical research, security, evaluation and education of a product. It is estimated that almost 50 million—100 million animals are tested on and killed annually, but this is usually done to make a product safer for humans.
Part one: History
There has been no earlier reference to testing of animals, than in the writing of the Greeks. In about the third or fourth century BC, Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Erasistratus (304-258 BC) were two of the first to be recorded to test experiments on live animals. Also Galen, a second-century Roman physician was known as the “father of vivisection,” because he dissected pigs and goats. These were some of the first recorded events of early animal testing.
Animal testing has played a major role in some of the most famous experiments. For example: in 1796, Edward Jenner used pus from a pox-infected cow to vaccinate James Phipps against the wide spread virus, small pox. After Jenner’s discovery, small pox slowly declined no longer to be the main cause of morality in England. Another very well - known experiment using animal testing happened around the 1880’s: the germ theory that Louis Pasteur
developed was tested out by giving Anthrax to a flock of sheep. (Wikipedia) Also in 1885, Pasteur invented vaccines for cholera and rabies by studying animals. In 1922, insulin was isolated from dogs and afterwards helped advance the treatment of diabetes. Laika, a dog from Russia, on November 3,1957, b...


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... is almost definite anyone would save the baby. (Of Cures and Creatures) This is the same situation as animal testing, would you rather save a person from an untested product that’s poisonous or save a rat from being tested with it?


Bibliography:
"Animal testing." Wkipedia. 27 July 2006. Wikimedia Fondation, Inc. 20 July 2006
.
Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing. "A CAAT Timeline: 1981-2002."
CAAT. 12 Feb. 2003. 22 July 2006 timeline.htm>.
BCC. "Animal Experiments." Hot Topics. 17 Aug. 2004. 22 July 2006
.
ECheat. "Animal Testing: Pros and Cons." eCheat. 19 Apr. 2005. 22 July 2006
.
FRAME. "the three rs." FRAME. 23 July 2006 3rsintro.htm>.


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