Heavy Metal Music

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Heavy Metal Heavy metal from the 1960’s to the 1980’s was a different and hard time for heavy metal bands. Heavy Metal is a genre of rock n’ roll that was created in the late sixties and late seventies. With influences from blues-rock and psychedelic rock mostly blues. With there twelve bar blues and extended guitar solos help create many guitar styles. Heavy Metal is recognized by its loud distorted guitars, emphatic rhythms, dense bass and drum sound, and vigorous vocals. Metal subgenres either emphasize these things or take on or two of them out. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_music) Blues-rocks style had began in the mid 1960s in England and in the some parts of the United States. UK bands such as The Animals, Cream, and the Rolling Stones were some of the first to experiment with the interestinggenre. Some of the typical instruments used in a blues-rock band would be electric guitar, bass guitar, a drum kit, vocals, a Hammond organ and a harmonica. In the 1970s the line between hard rock and blues-rock had become so thin it was almost unnoticeable. By the early 1980s blues-rock had a falling out of the mainstream of music. But in the late 1980s early 1990s blues-rock went mainstream again thanks to bands such as Fabulous Thunderbirds and Stevie Ray Vaughn who made there way to rock stardom once again. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues-rock) Psychedelic rock the definition of this interesting and influential genre is a style of rock music that attempts to reproduce the mind-altering experiences of many different hallucinogenic drugs. It started from garage and folk bands in the early 1960s in Britain and the United States. Some of its typical instruments included the electric guitar with effects like fuzz, phaser, and reverb. Other instruments were bass guitar, a drum kit, the electronic organ, a sitar, a moog synthesizer, and theremin. One of the greatest psychedelic rock bands in the United States would be the Grateful Dead. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychedelic_rock) Early heavy metal bands such as Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, and Deep Purple attracted large audiences though they were still criticized by the majority of the public. Most bands of heavy metal created a thick sound, with high amplified distortion, and there extended guitar solos, and there overall loudness. In the middle of the 1970s Judas Priest helped Mainstream Heavy Metal by taking out its blues influences. Motorhead introduced a punk rock subgenre with an increased playing speed.

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Many common nicknames for these heavy metal band lovers were “handbangers” and “metalheads”. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_music) Black Sabbath was formed to be a heavy metal blues-rock band called Earth. The original band members were Ozzy Osbourne (lead vocals), Toni Iommi (lead guitar), Geezer Butler (bass guitar) and Bill Ward (drums and percussion). Ozzy left Black Sabbath in 1979 and was first replaced by Ronnie James Dio. Black Sabbath had a lineup of singers including, Ian Gillan, Glenn Hughes, Ray Gillen, and Tony Martin. Black Sabbath most known song to everybody (not just the heavy metal fans) was also a Grammy Award winning hit “Iron Man” was Black Sabbaths greatest hit and was made with the original band including Ozzy. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sabbath) Led Zeppelin was a English band that started in 1968 with its original members still together today (except there drummer) including Jimmy Page (lead guitar), Robert Plant (vocals), John Paul Jones (bass guitar, piano) and John Bonham (drums). Many of there influences included reggae, soul, funk, classical, Celtic, Indian, Arabic, pop, Latin and Country. With there heavy guitar sound Led Zeppelin was consider one of the first Heavy Metal bands. Some of there greatest hits would be Stairway to Heaven, Whole Lotta Love, Kashmir, Rock and Roll, Dazed and Confused, Black Dog, The Song Remains the Same, When the Levee Breaks, Immigrant Song, and Communication Breakdown. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Led_Zeppelin) Deep Purple is a English band formed in Hertfordshire in 1968. Along with Black Sabbath, and Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple is considered as one of the early pioneers of the great genre of Heavy Metal. Deep Purple has sold over 100 million albums worldwide. The band members include Ian Gillan (vocals), Richie Blackmore (guitar), Jon Lord (keyboards), Roger Glover (bass guitar), and Ian Paice (drums). Though the band members don’t like to be stereotyped in to just one genre the main genre they are most close to is Heavy Metal. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_Purple) Judas Priest is an English heavy metal band that started in 1969 in Birmingham. The Bands members are Ian Hill (bass player), Rob Halford (vocalist), and guitarists Glenn Tipton and K. K. Downing. Their current drummer is Scott Travis. There rising popularity status gave them the names of “Metal Gods”. Judas Priest had a great influence on the Heavy Metal genre by there fast playing guitars. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judas_Priest) New Wave of British Heavy Metal was a music movement in the late 1970s and it achieved some international attention in the 1980s. Bands in the New wave of British Heavy Metal such as Iron maiden came to the concept of playing faster just like Judas Priest. Before the end of the decade Heavy Metal had attracted a worldwide following of fans from every corners of the globe. In the 1980s glam metal became a major commercial force with groups like Montly Cure. Which they had created a more extreme and aggressive style of Heavy Metal. Thrash Metal had jumped into the mainstream of the music in the late 1980s thanks to bands like Metallica. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Wave_of_British_Heavy_Metal) Iron Maiden was one of the main bands of the NWOBHM. They are led by the founder and bassist/songwriter Steve Harris. Since being a band they have made fourteen studio albums. Nine of them have been live, four EPs (extended play), and eight compilations. There band members included Steve Harris, Dave Murray, Nicko McBrain, Bruce Dickinson, Adrian Smith, and Janick Gers. They have sold over seventy million albums worldwide and have had a major impact on the new wave of British heavy metal. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Maiden) Metallica formed in the late 1980s. The current band members are James Hetfield (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), Kirk Hammett (lead guitar), Lars Ulrich (drums), and they have gone through many bassists but currently the spot is held by Robert Trujillo. They were part of the “big four” of thrash metal along with Slayer, Megadeth, and Anthrax. The band has sold an estimated 100 million records worldwide. Some of the greatest hits included Master of Puppets, One, Battery, And Justice for All, Welcome Home (Sanitarium), Enter Sandman, and The Unforgiven. They have made 9 studio albums with there latest album Death Magnetic. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallica) Anthrax is a heavy metal band formed in New York. They released there first studio album in 1984. They are most noticed for combining rap with heavy metal. The band has sold over ten million albums worldwide. Anthrax was formed in 1981 by Scott Ian and Danny Liker (guitarists). They found there band name in a biology book and decided to use because it sounded purely evil. There current band members are Dan Nelson, Charlie Benante, Scott Ian, Frank Bello, Rob Caggiano. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthrax_(band))) Megadeth was founded by former lead guitarist of Metallica Dave Mustaine. Now he is the songwriter and front man of Megadeth. The band has released a total of eleven studio albums. The band became mainstream in the 1980s but had many band member changes due to there notorious substance abuse. After finding a good sober set of band members they went on to release many gold and platinum albums. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megadeth) Slayer was formed in 1981 by the guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King. The 1986 release of Reign of Blood has been called “the heaviest album of all time”. Thanks to there tremolo picking, fast guitar solos, and double bass drumming. They have won two grammys for there songs Eyes of the Insane, and Final Six in 2007 and 2008. There current band members include Tom Araya, Jeff Hanneman, Kerry King, and Dave Lombardo. They have headlined heavy metal music festivals including Unholy Alliance and Ozzfest. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slayer)

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