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Exploring Mary Morse's Article Visual Gaze Behavior: Consideration in Working with Visually Impaired Multiple Handicapped Children

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The article “Visual Gaze Behaviors: Consideration in working with visually impaired multiple handicapped children” by Mary Morse, published in 1991, first reviews the course of normal visual development, providing a basis for her main concern and topic : visual behavior development among impaired children. Finally, Morse attempts to provide the reader with practical recommendations. Her intention is to enrich the readers with knowledge on working with impaired children. Though the article offers much useful and detailed information about normal visual behavior, the article is deficient in presenting abnormal visual development in multiple handicapped children.

Although this is a scientific article, it is accessible to a broader audience by limiting its use of technical language. People who are not psychologists or sociologists would be able to understand normal/abnormal visual development without having a hard time with professional terminology. While scientists may not find new developments or breakthroughs that they have not already heard of, parents, teachers or counselors can educate themselves on how to improve the well-being of a handicapped child.

The article talks about visual gaze behavior in attention and social interaction as it attributed to normal visual development, then shows how this information applies to handicapped children sensory development. The article mentions the roll of visual gaze among infants and adults. For example, one can tell if an infant is interested in interaction or not by basic head position. When his/her head is at the mid-line and eyes looking straight at the mother, it indicates a readiness for interactions. A head that is totally averted or lowered indicates termination of inte...


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...t the title is misleading because most of the information in that eight-page article is about normal visual behavior. Morse provides us with only one paragraph about visually impaired children with multiple handicaps and even then, the content of the paragraph is subject to questioning and assumptions. Expressions like: “perhaps partly because...”, “the researchers suggested that these children...” or “It was hypothesized that...” imply that the conclusions about situations that were observed or tested are not a definite fact, at least not yet. However, because the review on normal visual development is detailed and comprehensive, I will not “accuse” the author for being “lazy”, I will instead make an educated guess that there are not yet answers to all the questions in this area of study. Work has not been finished, and there is more research going on.






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