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EXAMINING THE TRENDS IN MEDIA AND BODY DISSATISFACTION Essay

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Most Western societies experience an enormous amount of pressure on individuals to conform and achieve the thin-ideal. This influence by mass-media affects just about anyone including males and females, adults, adolescents, and children. In the early 20th century, women idolized movie icons such as Marilyn Monroe and Camille Clifford. Around 1900s, Camille Clifford started the trend where the standards of beauty were set around 140 pounds, at 5’4” feet tall. Back then, the ideal female body is by having a smaller mid-section (e.g. hourglass ideal/corsets). Marilyn Monroe’s diminutive waist and ostensibly colossal bust line exasperate female fans to engage more on physical activities. The outburst on slender-looking portrayal of body-image mainly began in early 1960s (e.g. Fashion icon, Twiggy).
The exposure to mass media’s portrayal of the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women. Researchers Grabe, Hyde, and Ward (2008) conducted a meta-analysis which examined experimental and correlational studies focusing on media exposure’s relationship with women’s body dissatisfaction, eating behavior, and internalization of the thin ideal. Their findings from these analyses suggest that media exposure is strongly correlated with women’s body dissatisfaction. They assert that exposure to media impacts women’s body image negatively regardless of other variables (e.g. assessment technique, individual variability, age, etc.) It has been suggested that the mass media may be partly responsible for the increase in the prevalence of eating pathology. The widening gap between women’s actual body sizes and the media’s use of unrealistic thin ideals make women feel bad about their bodies and pressures them to lose weight.
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...dies." Psychological Bulletin 134(3):460-476 (http://ezproxy.mnsu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/614483671?accountid=12259).
Knauss, C., S. Paxton, and F. Alsaker. "Relationships amongst Body Dissatisfaction, Internalisation of the Media Body Ideal and Perceived Pressure from Media in Adolescent Girls and Boys." Body Image 4.4 (2007): 353-60. Print.

Vandenberg, P., S. Paxton, H. Keery, M. Wall, J. Guo, and D. Neumarksztainer. "Body Dissatisfaction and Body Comparison with Media Images in Males and Females." Body Image 4.3 (2007): 257-68. Print.

Tylka, Tracy L. 2004. "The Relation between Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorder Symptomatology: An Analysis of Moderating Variables." Journal of Counseling Psychology 51(2):178-191 . November 22, 2011(http://ezproxy.mnsu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/614462345?accountid=12259).


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