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The Ethics of Human Cloning Essay

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Human cloning is separated into two major categories; reproductive cloning, which uses cloning technology to create a human embryo that will produce an entire human, and therapeutic, which adopt cloning into field of medical practices to find a cure for many diseases (Kass). Reproductive cloning requires a somatic cell, a DNA-less egg, and a surrogate mother; as a result, it creates a new individual with the same genome, or genetic coding. The idea originated in Germany in 1938, but the first successful research was not conducted until 1967 by scientist John Gurdon, who cloned a tadpole with a frog’s somatic cell. The most prominent experiment was the cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997 by a scientist from Scotland. The successful cloning of an adult mammal suggests that the cloning of a human is possible; however, this does not mean cloning was perfected. Dolly’s creation raised many controversies among the politicians, they argued whether or not the human cloning should be banned. In 2001, the senate passed the Human Cloning Prohibition Act by the vote of 265 to 162 banning any practice of human cloning (“Human Cloning”). Although human cloning, especially therapeutic cloning, may help the scientists cure many genetic related diseases and give the infertile parents the chance to have children of their own, skeptics have argued that the cloning of a whole human embryo is unethical, could be used to create “baby idols,” and shorten the life expectancy of the clone.
Because human cloning may be used in medical practices to cure many diseases, some people think it outweighed any other dangers imposed by cloning. Using the cloning method in cellular therapies can be much more efficient than the method the doctors use now. The patien...


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...commercial production. The United States government should consider a partial ban, that allows only the practice of therapeutic cloning in medical purpose, and this would be a proper compromise for supporters from both sides (“Human Cloning”).


Works Cited
“Human Cloning.” Facts On File News Services 29 Dec. 2006. Issues & Controversies Resource Center. Web. 14 Nov. 2009
“Introduction to The Ethics of Human Cloning: At Issue.” At Issue: The Ethics of Human Cloning 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 12 Nov. 2009.
Kass, Leon. “Human Cloning is Unethical.” Opposing Viewpoints: Biomedical Ethics 19 March, 2003. Opposing Viewpoints Research Center. Web. 14 Nov. 2009.
McLachlan, Hugh. “Human Cloning Should Be Legalized.” New Scientist 21 July 2007: 20. Opposing Viewpoints: Genetic Engineering 2009. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 12 Nov. 2009.


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